This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Electoral Systems Of Germany And Finland

1184 words - 5 pages

Two Countries and governments that have electoral system similarities are those of Germany and Finland. They both use systems of the proportional representation model. Proportional representation, also called "full representation" is the voting system used in most Western democracies and is widely considered to be fairer and more democratic than the current U.S. system.THE FINNISH SYSTEMHistoryThe Finnish system came into being in 1906. Elections then were held the next year. These elections were the first free proportional elections for both men and women. Since 1906, all women and men have been eligible to vote and to be nominated in elections. The age requirement to vote has been steadily ...view middle of the document...

The system slightly favors larger parties.The SystemIn the 1980's, the country of Finland was divided for national elections into fifteen electoral constituencies. Fourteen of them sent between seven and twenty-seven representatives to the Eduskunta, according to their population. This favors the electorates in the rural north and east. The constituency for the Aland Islands sends only one member. Constituencies correspond to the provinces except that Hame Porvince and Turku ja Pori Province were each divided in tow, and Helsinki formed one electoral district itself.The election of candidates from the party list is not predetermined. It depends entirely on the number of individual votes cast for each candidate. Most candidates do come from a political party, but a 1975 amendment to the election law allows the candidacy of a person sponsored by a minimum of 100 Finns united in an electoral association. The voter will then pick the allotted number of his candidate, and writes it down on the ballot. As a result, the election is not exclusively a race between parties, but is a race between individuals, who are each sponsored by a party. Since 1978 a secret primary among party members has been required if a party has more candidates than places on its party list.The Finnish system is distributive in many ways. There is no electoral threshold. The system also favors parties with well-defined support in certain areas, rather than those with a thin nationwide presence. Parties are not obliged to contest Eduskunta elections in every constituency. The practice of voting for a candidate rather than for party means that voters can record their dissatisfaction with a party's policy or headship by voting for one of its junior candidates. This attribute of the Finnish system means that no candidate, no matter how senior, is assured election.Elections for the 200-seat Eduskunta are held every four years in March. The only time this does not happen is when the president has dissolved the body and has called for an early election. Municipal elections take place every four years in October.The presidential election occurs every six years in the month of January. Since the 1988 election, it has been carried out on the basis of direct universal suffrage. This means that if none of the candidates receives more than half the votes, then the 301 electors...

Other Papers Like Electoral Systems Of Germany And Finland

Scientific and Technological Advancements of Economic Systems

2187 words - 9 pages By the time 1750 came around, American was experiencing what is known as the First Industrial Revolution (circa 1780-1850). It is hard now to fathom the idea of having to function economically without the use of factories, factory machines, and factory workers. By history shifting from the cottage industry, traditional agriculture, and manual labor into a factory-based manufacturing type systems made of complex machinery, constant technological

Assess The Extent And Nature Of Resistance To Nazism Within Germany Between 1933 And 1945

1125 words - 5 pages Hitler's ascension to the position of Chancellor on January 30th 1933 marked the beginning of a new and turbulent period for Germany and hardship for German citizens. Many resistance groups were founded and while some emerged from anti-Nazi groups from before Hitler's rule, some were new in realising the threat and working against it. Political parties, the Church and the army were all organisations that had existed before Nazi rule and turned

Why Did Germany Lose The First World War In 1918? An Essay Answering The Question Of Why Germany Lost And Why They Lost When They Did

1616 words - 7 pages painfully low point: they were exhausted from the spring offensive and on low morale from the turn of the tide at 1918 and the new of the entry of America into the war on the Allied side. Germany was suffering overall supply problems: There were food shortages for over a year, coal became in short supply and consumer goods were very hard to get hold off. Industrial output had fallen by up to 57% by the end of the war; the German people as well as the

Comparing the Political Systems of Uk and Morocco

1203 words - 5 pages the events of the “Arab Spring”, yet the country has a long democratization process to achieve. The constitutional reform that was launched by His Highness the King Mohammed VI is a decisive step for Morocco to become a democratic state. Comparing the political systems of the United Kingdom and Morocco is an interesting subject of study. Both countries are very old monarchies but share only some few characteristics. Throughout this essay, we

Populariy and Usage Statistics of Certain Operating Systems

1517 words - 7 pages POPULARITY AND USAGE STATISTICS OF DIFFERENT OPERATING SYSTEMS Submitted by: Bendicion, Divine Grace L. BSCS 3 Submitted to: Prof. Efren Semacio Instructor, Operating Systems Quality of Research (30%)…..…. | ------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------- | Writing Quality (20

Religious Belief Systems Of The Ancient Times: Islam And Hinduism

640 words - 3 pages Throughout history, major belief systems have developed and have played a significant role in shaping the culture and historical development of a region. Such belief systems which have played such a major impact on their region's development are Hinduism and Islam. Hinduism and Islam's dietary restrictions, belief in afterlife, and traditional values have influenced how the Islamic and Hindu people lead their every day lives, and how their

A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Learning and Teaching Styles in Germany and Brazil, and the Influence of Cultural Values

3525 words - 15 pages acceptable on their environment. Different cultures will have different behavior patterns and will conduct their educational systems differently in order to fulfill their needs and expectations. The comparison made in this study between Germany and Brazil served to highlight these differences in order to show how cultural values, such as Power Distance and Individualism vs. Collectivism impact on the behavior and way of thinking of their

Assess the Sociological Explanations of Science and Ideology as Belief Systems

732 words - 3 pages Science comes from the Latin word meaning ‘knowledge’. Science is a way of looking at the natural world in a systematic and objective way therefore is able to universal laws. An ideology is a system of ideas and ideals and often acts as a foundation for economic or political theories and policies. A belief system is a framework of ideas that people use to explain the world around them. Science is often seen as truer than other belief systems

The Effects of Power and Politics on Goals in General Control Systems

936 words - 4 pages The Effects of Power and Politics on Goals in General Control Systems Introduction The organization that I am applying my analysis on is General Control System (GCS) Corporation. GCS is a large company specialized in the field of engineering control system services. It supplies many governmental and private organizations with computerized control system and provide technical support and maintenance services. The company has ten departments

The Impact Of Operating Systems On Modern Cpu Designs (And Vice Versa)

816 words - 4 pages The Impact of Operating Systems on Modern CPU Designs (and Vice Versa) Chris Schlaeger Director Operating System Research Center February, 2008 Software Visible Features changed the Game After the Megahertz Race What has changed? ▪ 64 bit computing ▪ AMD-V™ technology ▪ Power consumption ▪ Multi-core ▪ Frequency and cache size changes are invisible to the OS ▪ Architectural features require changes to the OS! 2 February

Descibe the Gross Structure and Functioning of All Major Systems in the Body

5628 words - 23 pages Describe the gross structure and main functions of all major body systems (P5) Reproductive systems Male (, 2014) The male reproductive system is made up of the scrotum, testes, epididymis, spermatic cords, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, ejaculatory duct, urethra, prostate, cowper glands, the penis and the semen. The scrotum is a sac like structure in which the testes are located, it is found in the pubic region

Related Essays

Assess The Advantages Of The Various Electoral Systems

978 words - 4 pages Assess the advantages of the various electoral systems One of the many electoral systems is the First-Past-The-Post system (FPTP), the current system for electing MPs to the House of Commons. There are 659 separate constituencies across the UK each electing one single Member of Parliament. In order to vote you simply put an ‘X’ next to the name of the candidate you support. The candidate who gets the most votes wins, regardless of whether he or

Explain The Main Impacts Of Any Two Electoral Systems Other Than First Past The Post

537 words - 3 pages Explain the main impacts of any two electoral systems other than First Past the Post (10 marks) Proportional systems such as closed party list are distinctly more in favour of smaller parties than most other systems. This is attributed to the fact that the percentage of votes cast in favour of a party directly corresponds to the percentage of seats they gain; this leads to an exceptionally more accurate result than majoritarian systems. Because

Contrast And Comparison Of Operating Systems

3990 words - 16 pages Contrast and Comparison of Operating Systems Team B will take what we have learned from our course POS/355 Operating systems and research to compare and contrast the UNIX/Linux, Microsoft Windows, and MacOS systems. In particular we will contrast and compare the different operating systems in regards to memory management, processing, file management and security. Operating systems at the core is all about the kernel. The kernel in all of the

Benefits And Drawbacks Of Kanban Systems

2568 words - 11 pages century and later was developed by Taiichi Ohno in Toyota. 2. An Overview of Kanban System The word ‘kanban’ means card or visual signal in Japanese and actually it is a production control system for JIT production and making full use of workers’ capabilities. (Sugimori et al., 1977) To understand Kanban, one must be aware of pull systems. A pull system controls the flow of resources in production by replacing only what is consumed. To