Ehtiopians At The Holy Sepulcher Essay

1416 words - 6 pages

Researching the historical and religious connection to Ethiopians and its sacred relationship to Jerusalem and the Holy Sepulcher was a bit difficult to find. But the deeper I looked into the history of the Ethiopian people, I have found that there Jewish roots connects them to Jerusalem further back than the newly revised version of the Holy Sepulcher’s presence. Currently they live in a kind of African village on the roof called, Deir Sultan, but many centuries ago they once held services and lived inside one of the Holy Sepulcher chapels. According to biblical history, Ethiopians presence has been in the region of Jerusalem since 1000 B.C., surviving for more than 1500 years through many ...view middle of the document...

They also destroyed hundreds of nearly 2000 year old manuscripts that were handwritten on goat parchment (Ayele, Negussay. “History of Ethiopian Church Presence in Jerusalem.” Tadias Magazine.25 April 2005). The plague within the holy places took a lot of Ethiopians monk’s lives, but during this time the Egyptian authorities gave the Egyptian monks the keys to the church of the Holy Sepulcher and since then have been mistreated or treated as slaves by the Armenian and Coptics. I must admit I was very grieved as I discovered the refutation these people have endured because of their ethnicity. Part of their religious and historical rejection steams from political greed and social bigotry from political impulses that are the respective powers that control the region at any given time. I have learned and realized that the Israeli's right to exist in Palestine...is not based on...the hypothetical origins of the Jewish people, nor on the mythological covenant of Abraham with God; it is based on international law -- i.e., on the United Nations' decision in 1947 to partition Palestine, once a Turkish province, then a British Mandated Territory, into an Arab an a Jewish State (Jagersma, J. A History of Israel in the Old Testament Period, trans. John Bowden). For this very reason it was difficult to write on such a subject as I learned more about the Ethiopian Christians and their place in the Holy Sepulcher.
According to the Ethiopian royal book Glory of the Kings, which was stolen by the British in the late 1800’s, Queen of Sheba, known in Ethiopia as Makeda, and King Solomon had a son. Both names are mentioned in both the Bible and the Quran. The Quran tells of King Solomon’s intimate relationship to a mystical woman with hooves named Saba or as we know her as Queens Sheba. The Bible discusses diplomatic relations between this monarch and King Solomon of Israel, but Ethiopian tradition holds that their relationship went deeper: Makeda's son, Menelik I, the first emperor of Ethiopia, is said to be Solomon's offspring. The story tells that almost 3,000 years ago, the ruler of Sheba, which spanned modern-day Ethiopia and Yemen, arrived in Jerusalem with vast quantities of gold to give to King Solomon. Now an enormous ancient goldmine, together with the ruins of a temple and the site of a battlefield, has been discovered in her former territory. The term 'Middle East' is actually a relatively new term. It first began to gain popularity in the mid-1950s, with the release of the Eisenhower Doctrine and its report on the Suez Crisis. The exact boundaries have been a give-and-take topic amongst mapmakers and politicians for decades, and controversy still remaining as to the fine details concerning this land. At one point, Hebrews literally WALKED in and out of Egypt and into 'the Promised Land'. It is told by many that King Solomon of Israel and Queen Sheba of Ethiopia were married and had a son together. His son Menelik at the age of 22 visited his father...

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