Effects Of Nutrition Choices And Lifestyle Changes On The Well Being Of Cats, A Carnivore That Has Moved Indoors

1355 words - 6 pages

“Effects of nutrition choices and lifestyle changes
on the well-being of cats,
a Carnivore that has moved indoors”

Debra L. Zoran and C.A. Tony Buffington
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Vol. 239, No. 5,
September 1, 2011

Genevieve Ball
Animal Nutrition 505, Dr. Shapiro
October 13, 2011
Main Summary
The domestication of cats can be perilous as their nutritional changes in dietary protein and caloric intake effects their metabolism, muscle mass, water intake, urine acidity levels, and immunity against diseases, all of which effect their overall feeding behavior, well-being, and physical health. 70% protein intake is considered adequate in a cat’s daily ...view middle of the document...

0g of protein/kg of BW/d, thus indoor cats require less calories (as they require less energy) and less protein than the typical cat (Zoran, 2011, p. 597). However, when studying the effect of protein intake on an obese cat, it was discovered that increased protein intakes of greater than 3.3g of protein/kg resulted in greater loss in fat mass versus decreased protein intakes (Zoran, 2011, p. 598).
Other studies prove that a protein dominant (verus carbohydrate dominant) diet is a necessity with benefits for felines as it promotes optimum immunity against the development of urolithiasis in the urinary tract, inflammatory bowel disease in the gastrointestinal tract, and diabetes mellitus in domestic cats. While the feline species have changed from a feral to domesticated environment, it is important that their diets remain properly balanced and protein dominant in order for cats to efficiently function and thrive.

Blended Summary
The domesticated feline, an obligate carnivore, continues to be challenged by the genetically required diet versus owner (human) preferred diet. While cats require a diet that is higher in proteins and lower in carbohydrates, owners are feeding diets that are adversely low in protein and high in carbohydrates, thus resulting in excess calories and obesity and nutritional deficiencies (“Cats Need High Protein, Low-Carb Diet,” 2011, p. 22). Cats are adapted to eating 10-20 small meals throughout the course of a 24 hour period, and flavor, scent, temperature, and texture are all factors that stimulate and satisfy a cat’s carnivorous habits and needs (Scherk, 2010, p. 1). While felines themselves are not evolving, veering from their normal dietary habits and requirements through domestication contributes to the feline’s dietary, behavioral, and physiological well-being (Scherk, 2010, p. 1).
The balancing of nutrients and dietary intake relative to energy output is most important when determining the amount of protein, water, and caloric values required in a feline’s diet (Scherk, 2010, p. 3). Carbohydrates are actually not required as a part of their diet as cats can utilize protein to satisfy both dietary and energy requirements (Scherk, 2010, p. 3). Studies show that intact felines (require 60-80 kcal/kg/day) have 7-33% more energy to utilize than that of neutered male and female cats (require 40-50 kcal/kg/day) (Scherk, 2010, p. 3). Diets that are high in carbohydrates (dry foods) and low in protein is detrimental as it is a contributing factor to obesity as well as diabetes in cats (“Feline Nutrition,” 2011, p. 1 and Scherk, 2011, p. 3). Cats can utilize carbohydrates as energy, however they lack in carbohydrate-digesting enzymes which affects their ability to break down sugars, thus resulting in excess calories that are stored in the body as fat (“Cats Need High Protein, Low-Carb Diet,” 2011, p. 22). A balanced amount of carbohydrates in a diet should be no more than 3-5% (Pierson, 2010, p. 3).
Like humans...

Other Papers Like Effects of Nutrition Choices and Lifestyle Changes on the Well-Being of Cats, a Carnivore That Has Moved Indoors

Poisoning America - Describes The Harmful Effects Of Chemicals In American Food And The Corrupt Food Industry That Has Taken Over The Country. Includes Works Cited List

854 words - 4 pages Poisoning AmericaA fresh, garden salad and "All Natural" ranch dressing topped with sliced carrots and cucumbers sounds like a reasonably healthy snack right? Wrong. The fact is that almost all of the food in America can be deadly. Yes deadly. Don't believe me? Well everyone knows that obesity has risen significantly in America and heart disease, stroke, and diabetes are more common in Americans today than ever before. Part of it has to do with

This essay gives a brief description of Mcdonald's "Hamburger University" and the effects it has on McDonalds operations

543 words - 3 pages franchise in Saudi Arabia where the restaurant has two separate dining rooms, one for the men the other for the women and children. Characteristics such as the ability to quickly adapt to the cultural issues and the various labor laws within each country, standardized training for managers and employees alike, a strong HR department to ensure that only the most enthusiastic people are hired, and their method of "positive people practices" gives

‘the Global Economy Has Moved on from the Asian Tigers; the Present and the Future of the Global Economy Now Lie Elsewhere’. to What Extent to You Agree with This Statement

1130 words - 5 pages around 350,000 English-speaking workers. This makes them appealing for companies to base call centres, such as HSBC and BT, as the workers can work for a lower wage than British workers and still deliver the same service. In 2014 it was estimated that if British companies moved just 100 of their jobs to India they could save around £10 million. As a result of investment, India has been able to promote their tech sector, and now have a booming

Promote the Well Being and Resilience of Children and Young People

1241 words - 5 pages fruits so that they get some of their five a day 4.3 We assess any risks there may be to the health and well-being of our children regarding accidents illness, abuse, bullying etc, if we think there is any risk to our children through poor lifestyle choices we will take the appropriate actions if we have any concerns about a childs health or well-being and follow the correct procedures that are in our policy folders 4.4 If I have any

Cause of American Poverty and the Effects It Has on Children

760 words - 4 pages being part-time or low-wage, too many single-parent families, shortage of jobs, and poor people lacking motivation.C Cause of American Poverty and the Effects It Has on Children 3 The percentage of American children living in poverty has been on the rise throughout the past decade, contributing to a growing number of high poverty schools where more than two thirds of the students are

What Has Caused the Increased Use of Digital Technology and Its Effects on Communication

871 words - 4 pages increases is that during the process of the globalization, a more convenient and widespread way is needed to update the news happened around the world (Thomas, 2008). Since digital technology can provide a much more productive and valid approach to get the information, it has been the milestone in the exchange of communication area and popular all over the world. “The internet is now users’ most important source of information and its importance has

Understand How to Safe Guard the Well-Being of Children and Young People

5494 words - 22 pages Understand how to safe guard the well-being of children and young people. Task 1 An outline of current legislation. Guidelines, policies and procedures within own UK home nation affecting the safeguarding of children & young people. The children's act 1989 introduced many changed to legislation in England & Wales on the welfare of children. Its main aims were: Achieve a balance between protecting children & the rights of parents to

Socia And Emotional Well-Being Of Unwed Mothers

3509 words - 15 pages cope, especially when times are tough. It is important to say that emotional well-being is often affected by the environment around an individual - meaning it is less about what you’ve done, and more about what support or challenges there are in your life. Having HD impacting on you as a young person can certainly lead to a lot of challenges to your emotional wellbeing. Emotional well-being is not the absence of emotions, but it is your ability

Justify Two Significant Social and/or Political Changes That Occurred as a Result of the Actions of One World Leader

1312 words - 6 pages we continue to practice these views, especially the views that include freedom of choice. Americans have the choice of housing, clothing, religious beliefs, food and diet, marriage practices and even burial practices. Gandhi has impacted societies all over the world. Part B: Justify two significant social and/or political changes that occurred as a result of the actions of one U.S. leader. Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968) was known by

Comparing The Characters, Portia And Helena, In Shakespeare's 'Merchant Of Venice' And 'All's Well That Ends Well'

1006 words - 5 pages Shakespeare begins to mature when he creates Portia in the Merchant of Venice, and he shows a peak of maturity through Helena in his problem play, All’s Well That Ends Well. Despite the few years between these two plays and the development of characters during Shakespeare’s maturation period, he makes two very similar female characters. They understand love more than their lovers, and they see potential in the men they have chosen that no one

Persuasive Essay That Describes The Effects Of Television On Children

2122 words - 9 pages of Otago. Mr. Milne is now with the Social, Genetic, and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, and Kings College London. The basis for their experiment was that is was said that excessive television viewing in childhood has been associated with adverse effects on health and behavior. Their experiment was to explore these associations in a birth cohort followed up to adulthood. Their results showed that mean time spent watching

Related Essays

Analysis Of Character Strengths And Effects On Well Being

922 words - 4 pages strengths and embraces them. “The strengths that are most connected to well-being are well factored by mood.” -(Gillham) Some of the key strengths tested all have to do with emotions that are very delicate at this age range. Freshman year of high school can be a very high or low point for students and has the capability to change very quickly. The article even concludes that “people who experience positive emotions frequently may also experience

A Range Of Changes That Have Occured In The Workplace, And The Cause/Effects Of These Changes

785 words - 4 pages Technology And Change In BusinessTechnology has been a major change in our work places over the past few years.Although it is great that there are so many technological advancements occurring to make things easier for employees, it can also make things more difficult.The huge leaps in technology have given us new ways of working and living, and nobody can dispute the many advantages of this progress. However, these same changes are creating a

Assess The View That The Process Of Globalisation Has Led To Changes In Both The Amount Of Crime And The Types Of Crime Committed. (21 Marks)

882 words - 4 pages globalisation has led to changes in both the amount of crime and types of crime can be debated, as different sociologist hold different perspective. It has been argued that globalisation has increased the overall crime economy, due to making the world more interconnected. Castell now estimates that the global criminal economy is worth over £1 trillion per annum. The global criminal economy has both a demand and supply side. A reason for scale of

Identify A Health Behavior Or Disease That Has A Significant Impact Upon A Healthy Lifestyle

3634 words - 15 pages naturally effects respiration causing problems such as asthma and puts a strain on the body's musculoskeletal structure; an obese person can suffer degeneration to the cartilage and bones within their joints, increasing the risk of osteoarthritis. Understanding what causes obesity and preventing further escalation are paramount as the impact obesity has on health care resources is enormous, figures for the United Kingdom identify that 22% of men