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Effects Of Computers On Our Society

5223 words - 21 pages

EGERTON UNIVERSITY

FACULTY OF SCIENCE
DEPARTMENT: COMPUTER SCIENCE

PRESENTED BY: MUGENI E. POLLY

REG: NO. SP13/20590/07
SUPERVISOR: MR.NDIRANGU

COURSE TITLE: RESEARCH PAPER

COURSE CODE: COMP 312

A RESEARCH PAPER ON THE IMPACT OF ICT ON POVERTY ERADICATION

DONE IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE
Abstract
This study deals with the impact of ICT on Poverty eradication in Kenya. Its objectives assesses potential of ICT in employment creation and poverty alleviation and assessing the existing ICT such as ICT industries, ICT enabled services and sectors utilizing ICT’s application and employment.
The uses of ICT are associated with new patterns of job ...view middle of the document...

There is great need for deliberate policies to promote the development of the required critical mass of skilled ICT manpower in Kenya to drive the ICT industry.

DECLARATION AND APPROVAL
This research paper is my original work and has not been presented for the award of degree or diploma in any other university.
Signature…………………….. Date……………………..
Mugeni Polly
SP13/20590/10

APPROVAL

This Research paper has been submitted for examination with my approval as the university supervisor.

Signature……………….. Date……………………….
Mr. Ndirangu

Table of Contents
Abstract ii
DECLARATION AND APPROVAL iii
CHAPTER ONE 1
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Background information 1
1.2 Ict Infrastructure Pillars For BPO (Business Process Outsourcing) 2
1.3 The Divide 3
1.4 ICT industries 3
1.5 Sectors utilizing ICT 3
1.6 Objectives 4
1.7 Statement of The Problem 4
1.8 Justification 4
CHAPTER TWO 6
2.0 Literature Review 6
2.1 ICT in Economic Interventions 6
2.3 ICT in Governance 8
CHAPTER THREE 11
3.0 Solutions to the problem 11
3.1 ICT business process outsourcing 11
3.2 Cost of bandwidth for internet access 11
3.3 Entrepreneurship 12
3.4 What others have done. 12
3.5 Solution 14
CHAPTER FOUR 16
4.0 Recommendations 16
4.1 Conclusion 16
4.2 REFERENCE 17


CHAPTER ONE
1.0 Introduction

There is no doubt that the use of ICT is perceived as a catalyst for economic growth and hence employment and poverty alleviation.
ICT is defined as a set of activities that facilitated by electronic means the processing,
Transmission and display of information (Estavillo, 2004). Thus, it is important to
Know how the effectiveness of such a process has an impact on a nation’s economy.
Typical ICT components include hardware, software and telecommunication equipment (Kaiser, 2004).
Over the past decades, we have witnessed how the US economy has been revived in the late 1990s due to large investment in ICT, as referred to Stiroh (2002) of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
ICT capital is superior to Non-ICT capital in enhancing economic growth: a higher level of ICT capital stock per capita allows a typical economy to achieve a higher growth rate for given levels of growth in labor and capital inputs (Vu, 2004). With respect to Khuong Vu’s view, it is also possible to say that sometimes it may not be how much capital you invest, that makes a difference, but rather how you invest it.
1.1 Background information

In March 2006, Kenya published its first Information and Communications Policy (KIC 2006). The policy articulated the opportunities that Kenya had identified in the use of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) for social and economic development. In fact the vision statement of the policy was “to create an information society”. There are many other countries that aim to leverage ICT for economic development. For example,...

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