This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Effects Of Aging On Cognitive Development

907 words - 4 pages

Effects of Aging on Cognitive Development
Daphney Walker
PSYCH/640
May 5, 2014
Holly Berry

Effects of Aging on Cognitive Development
Aging is a natural process of life however, studies show that there are some age-related decline in cognitive development. As a person grows older some brain cell dies, shrink, or weaken and cause some decline in brain functions. Some cognitive processes include attention, working memory, long-term memory, perception, and executive control. The material will explain the effect of aging on cognitive development by providing scholarly research proof.
Cognitive Development
Cognition is the process by which human beings learn about the world and the ...view middle of the document...

According to Blanchard-Fields (2005, p. 539), “These declines occur in a number of cognitive functions such as sensory functions, working memory, attention and executive abilities that tax deliberative, effortful information processing.” Theories suggest that brain cells development reaches its peak in the late twenties and memory is thought to peak when brain weight peaks and then degenerate slowly in the thirties. The brain weight begins a gradual and progressive shrinking that causes impulses to travel more slowly which cause a decrease in reaction time (Blanchard-Fields, 2005).
A study was carried out by Finkel, Reynolds, McArdle, Gatz, & Pedersen, (2003), and the findings were that adults’ fluid intelligence, which refers to the individual’s capabilities such as abstraction, problem-solving, associative memory, and inductive reasoning may diminish slightly after adolescence. Crystallized intelligence, which refers to skills such as verbal comprehension and word relationship might increase because of learning and experience as people gets older. “Measures of crystallized ability demonstrated stable or increasing levels of performance for middle age. For highly speeded task decline occurred at age 65” (Finkel, Reynolds, McArdle, Gatz, & Pedersen, 2003, p. 547). Reaction time or speed of performance seems to differ with individuals and can either diminish or remain the same. Memory is maintained through young and middle adulthood with some quantitative changes, for example memorizing less readily if information is oral and disorganized. Learning capacity of growth is unimpaired and is enhance by interest, motivation, flexibility, maturity, and confidence. Problem-solving seem to remain stable as long as there is no timing and cognitive measures of crystallized intelligence show decline at a later age of around 70 (Finkel, Reynolds,...

Other Papers Like Effects of Aging on Cognitive Development

Effects on Childhood Development Essay

1483 words - 6 pages exploring the effects of noise level, overcrowding, and neighborhood quality on childhood development. (Kopko 1) His findings seem to reinforce the amount of impact that the physical environment has on childhood development. His research displayed that "chronic and acute noise exposure also affects cognitive development, particularly long-term memory" and that "one way children adapt to chronic noise is by disregarding or ignoring auditory

The Nature Versus Nurture of Cognitive Development

1670 words - 7 pages to make discoveries about how the brain develops and how it works, they have begun to understand the effect the brain has on cognitive development (Meadows 316). The brain is made up of neurons. These neurons are the part of the brain that is responsible for cognition. As Meadows states, “neurons are large as body cells go, with a cell body that has many filaments of tissue protruding from it, called the dendrites. One protrusion is longer that

Analyze the Effects of Education on Development of Countries

2463 words - 10 pages Analyze the Effects of Education on Development of Countries In the past few years, many countries are in the high speed of development process. During this competitive period, the demand for talent worldwide is increasing rapidly. The governments are gradually aware of the importance in investing in education to improve their governance. For instance, around the world 78 percent of children graduated from primary school in 2000, while by 2005

An Inventory Of The Effects Of Using Powerpoint Presentation On Students' Development Of Confidence Philippines Setting

3525 words - 15 pages An Inventory of the Effects of Using PowerPoint Presentation on Student’s Development of Confidence The Problem and Its Setting A. Introduction “Technology can become the “wings” that will allow the educational world to fly farther and faster than ever before –if we will allow it.” Jenny Arledge. Technology is utilized for the upliftment of modern styles and is also applicable in education; it satisfies both visual and auditory senses of the

Outline of the Early Development of a Self-Concept and the Possible Effects of Different Parenting Styles on Children

1939 words - 8 pages fundamentally egocentric, meaning that they are entirely driven by their own experiences and are unable to conceptulise abstract concepts or ideas outside of their own experience (Hayes, 2008). Piaget suggested that children went through four stages of cognitive development using ‘schemas’ to make sense of their experiences. Albery et al. (2008) describe Piaget’s four stages as: • The sensorimotor stage (from birth to 2 years). Children learn

Teenage Years: A Critical Period Of Physical, Cognitive And Biological Development

933 words - 4 pages conceptual thinking. Teenage also brings about substantial social development in a child. It is the time when a child leaves his nest and starts flying freely in the air. He develops vocational and management skills which make him self-sufficing and self-sustaining. He remains no more dependent on his parents instead he reaches his ultimate goal of independence. At this turning point of life, a person is on fire. He is imbued with energy and zeal to do

Effects of Poverty on Society

1348 words - 6 pages effects of poverty on the development and ones continued wellbeing in regards to emotional, behavioral and psychiatric problems. Measurement of poverty is based on income and consumption levels. People are considered poor if their consumption or income levels fall below the poverty line. The poverty line is the minimum level necessary to meet basic needs (Townsend, 1979). B. Analyze the social problem. According to article (Poverty

Effects of Tsunami on Indonesia

840 words - 4 pages EFFECTS OF TSUNAMI ON INDONESIA Due to its proximity to the epicentre of the December 26th earthquake and subsequent tsunami, Indonesia suffered the most physical damage and loss of human life of all of its neighbours. Whole villages were wiped out, and deposits of debris impeded the relief effort from accessing isolated areas and delivering supplies of food and water. The March 28 earthquake has added to the region's misery.Prior to the latest

Effects of Technology on Consumers

5229 words - 21 pages effects of new technologies on consumer and the need to know their rights when it comes to the use of such technologies in the workplace. In addition, the employees should be aware of the rules governing the new technological innovations .Hence, understanding those rules are critical to their implementation. Sheridan &Williams in their article “Employee Training Key to Dodging Business Risks and Protecting Consumer Rights When Utilizing New

Effect of sleep deprivation on cognitive and motor performance as well as mood

723 words - 3 pages even at night [1]. Regardless of whether the individual was totally or partially sleep deprived, it was proven that both had adverse effects on the human body[3]. Further studies revealed that sleep deprivation affected ones’ cognitive and motor performance as well as mood[2]. One of the effects of sleep deprivation is impairment of cognitive performance[1,2,3]. Sleep deprivation interferes with the frontal lobes of the brain causing attention

Impact of Global Warming on Economic Development

2036 words - 9 pages Impact of Global Warming on Economic Development Global Warming, the general increase in the earth's near-surface air and ocean temperatures, remains a pressing issue in a society that has expanded its industrial use since the mid-twentieth century. Everyone born this century, in one form or another, has been exposed to the effects of global warming. The fact is that global warming, in its smallest stages, is a natural occurrence. Everyday

Related Essays

Piagets Theory Of Cognitive Development Essay

1376 words - 6 pages Introduction Over the years there have been a countless number of theorists developing their own models on Cognitive Development, with the two most recognised being the theories of Jean Piaget and Lev Semenovich Vygotsky. Although it is difficult to present the title of ‘superior theory’ to either one of these theorists, the merging of certain aspects of each scheme provides teachers with an ability to devise effective learning strategies that

Cognitive Theories Of Human Development Essay

1220 words - 5 pages processing, is a commonly used description of the mental process, comparing the human mind to a computer. Piaget believed that the mind does not simply respond to stimuli and consequences, but instead grows, changes, and adapts to the world. A key factor in the learning process is that the individual is an active participant. Piaget claimed that cognitive development is at the center of human-beings, and their language is contingent on cognitive

Cognitive Development Of Adult Learners Essay

829 words - 4 pages Tuinjman, 1995). Andragogy, which is defined as "the science of helping adults learn," has taken on a broader meaning and included not only curriculum based education, but also experience and learner centered education (Titmus 1981). Today, we know different. There is a plethora of research devoted to the cognitive development of adults and their learning styles. “Adult learning is inherently joyful. Adults are innately self-directed learners

The Effects Of Methamphetamine On Development

2454 words - 10 pages The Effects of Methamphetamine on Development Anna Lenaya Robb Western Oregon University Methamphetamine use has been increasing significantly in the United States as well as other countries around the world. Although there are various forms, processes used to make it, and different names for it, the popularity of stimulant abuse is on a steady incline. Most individuals who try methamphetamine may not think about