Identify the Logical Fallacies
1. Mabel is not qualified to lead the school board because she used to drink liquor in her 20s.
• This is anAd hominem fallacy: It attacks the character of the arguer rather than the argument. It is an error in reasoning because you should focus on the argument.
2. A child can be either an athlete or a good student.
• This is an Either-or type fallacy: it presents someone with a limited choice when there are more choices. The error is that people will know they have more choices and discredit your argument.
3. Any change in health care will lead to socialism; we don’t want to live in a socialist country, so we can’t reform health care.
• Begging the Question: Using circular reasoning to prove a conclusion. This is done in the news a lot and this type of fallacy goes ...view middle of the document...
This is wrong because the claim that the world will end isn’t supported be any evidence and is far fetched.
6. Senator Range has been seen entering a strip club; therefore, his economic reforms are not plausible.
• Ad Hominem: It attacks the character of the arguer rather than the argument and is an error because you should focus on the argument. This is done especially in politics when they want to discredit a person instead of their work or what they are saying in their speeches (argument).
7. Everyone else is getting rid of TV, so we should too.
• Bandwagon: Suggesting that a person should agree to something because it is popular. This is wrong because it shows that the arguer is desperate and doesn’t have valid points to make so they must make fallacies.
8. Because of the recent shootings in schools and theaters, we can conclude that these are inherently dangerous places that need more regulation.
• Hasty generalization: Using a part to make an inaccurate claim about a whole. This is wrong because if any part of the claim is wrong it will make the whole argument wrong.
9. If you want a successful child, you should enroll him or her in as many early learning classes as possible.
• Creating false needs: This is creating a need that makes a person think they need it to support their argument. This is used a lot in advertising to make you buy things you don’t need. It is better to take this angle with supported research on the topic instead of creating false needs.
10. Music education is useless because it just teaches kids how to play music.
• Red Herring: Saying something that distracts from the issue being argued about. This is a tactic used by people who don’t have enough information on the topic so they twist information around to distract from the topic. Instead of make a solid argument and valid points this logical fallacy just confuses people.