Effect Of A Paper Plane’s Different Masses On Its Time On Flight

1403 words - 6 pages

Effect of a Paper Plane’s different masses on its time on flight

The following experiment (underneath) is to do with a paper plane and its mass and time of flight. Here is a chance to experiment with different masses of a paper plane to observe how it affects it’s time of flight.
Research Question: How does the mass (g) of a paper plane affect the time (seconds) of its flight?
Hypothesis: It is expected that, the more mass on the paper plane’s wings, the time of flight will decrease. This is because more mass; the faster gravity will pull it down.
*Independent variable: Number of paperclips (amount of mass in grams)
Dependent variable: The time of flight –measured in seconds.
X ...view middle of the document...

Weigh the plane and note it’s mass.
Throw the plane with the 4 paperclips from shoulder level and use a stop watch to measure the time.
Stop the stop watch the moment when the plane touches the ground.
Record your data and repeat steps 15-16 four more times
Now, add 2 more paperclips to the paper plane to have a total of 6 paperclips with 3 on each side and weight the paper plane and record its mass.
Throw the plane with the 6 paperclips from shoulder level, and start the stop watch at the same time of the throw.
Stop the stop watch the moment when the plane touches the ground.
Record your data and repeat steps 19-20 four more times.
Now, add 2 more paperclips to the paper plane to have a total of 8 paperclips with 4 on each side and weight the paper plane and record its mass.
Throw the plane with the 8 paperclips from shoulder level, and start the stop watch at the same time of the throw.
Stop the stop watch the moment when the plane touches the ground.
Record your data and repeat steps 23-24 four more times.
Record your data in the table below: Raw Data Table - time of paper plane’s flight with different masses.
Mass of Paper plane (g) Time of flight (seconds)
Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 Trial 4 Trial 5
5.09 1.91 1.81 1.49 1.35 1.66
6.42 1.29 1.40 0.86 1.16 1.32
7.80 0.69 0.70 1.02 0.69 0.30
9.13 0.58 1.00 0.47 0.84 0.68
10.47 0.53 0.73 0.66 0.56 0.55

Processed Data Table 1 – average time of paper plane’s flight with different masses.
Mass of paper plane (g) The average ( add all the trails and divide it by 5)of time of flight (seconds)
5.09 1.55
6.42 1.23
7.80 0.90
9.13 0.71
10.47 0.61
Graph:
Calculation
Average= (Trial 1+Trial 2+Trial 3+Trial 4+Trial5)/5
Example:
In the raw data table, when the mass of the paper plane was 5.09, to calculate the average I had to add all the trial’s together and divide the total by 5 (as there were 5 trials) : 1.91 + 1.81+ 1.49 + 1.35 + 1.66 / 5.
Analysis:
As the mass of the paper plane increased, the time of flight decreased. This is because the more weight added onto the wings of the paper plane the more gravity will pull it down therefore it’s time of flight reduced.
We had some anomalies in our raw data table, such as, when the mass of the paper plane was 7.80, the time of flights were somewhat in a consistent range, between 0.40- 1.0. However on the final trial for that mass, the time of flight decreased to 0.30. This may be due to the reason that there were a couple of throws where there was no one in the passage way working on their experiments, which prevented the paper plane from hitting them. This gave us inconsistent results at some points. To avoid this we should have kept clearing the passage at all...

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