The creation of life outside the womb
Artificial wombs will allow women with damaged uteruses (or other medical conditions that make pregnancy dangerous) but viable ovaries to have their own genetic children without resorting to surrogacy, which can bring all sorts of legal hassles into the picture
Premature babies could be placed in artificial wombs instead of incubators, and allowed to continue development in the proper environment. Currently, mechanical ventilation damages lungs, and many very premature babies end up brain damaged or developmentally delayed due to lack of proper respiration
A woman who wanted to end her pregnancy could elect -- or be forced -- to have her embryo transferred to an artificial womb rather than having its life ...view middle of the document...
If her profession is one that is intolerant of pregnancies and children then how will she have the time to love and care for her child? Her career came first before the pregnancy so will it come first before the child as well?
Society could be flooded with newborns available for adoption. Waiting lists could rapidly shrink to zero. ~ But then how do we know when to stop using this process? What happens when there are no more couples who want to adopt and we are â€œfloodedâ€ with babies with no where to go?
Governments may have to either fund many orphanages or offer financial inducements to encourage couples to adopt. ~A child should never have to be born into an orphanage setting. A lot of kids that come from the system are screwed up as it is.
Women who elected to end their pregnancy might have to handle the emotional load of knowing that their fetus was born and that their child is living somewhere in the world. ~ Then maybe they shouldnâ€™t have elected to end their pregnancy. That was a decision that she made.
With artificial wombs, women would not need maternity leave if they elected to use an artificial womb. Employers might be reluctant, for economic reasons, to grant leave; they might pressure their employees to not give birth naturally
Since the fetus would not be impacted by its mother's ingestion of alcohol or other drugs, health insurance companies might pressure some women to use ectogenesis.
At least in the early years of the use of artificial wombs, physicians will not be certain that the apparatus can reliably produce healthy, normal newborns. Removing an embryo or fetus from a normal uterus and transferring it to an artificial womb with unpredictable results would present a very serious problem in medical ethics.