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# Economics Essay

858 words - 4 pages

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10 per hundredweight of cheese. One hundredweight is 100 pounds.) At that price, according to data from the USDA, the quantity of cheese produced in 2009 by U.S. producers was 212.5 billion pounds, and the quantity demanded was 211 billion pounds. To support the price of cheese at the price floor, the USDA had to buy up 1.5 billion pounds of cheese. The accompanying diagram shows supply and demand curves illustrating the market for cheese.

a. In the absence of a price floor, the maximum price that a few of the consumers are willing to pay is \$0.20 for a pound of cheese whereas the market equilibrium price is \$0.13 per pound. The graph also shows that the minimum price at which a few of the producers are willing to sell is \$0.06 per pound. In the absence of a price floor, how much consumer surplus is created?

b. How much producer surplus?

c. What is the total surplus?

d. The maximum price that a few of the consumers are willing to pay is \$0.20 per pound of cheese, and the price floor is set at \$0.17 per pound. With the price floor at \$0.17 per pound of cheese, consumers buy 211 billion pounds of cheese. How much consumer surplus is created now?

e. The minimum price at which a few of the producers are willing to sell a pound of cheese is \$0.06, and the price floor is set at \$0.17 per pound. With the price floor at \$0.17 per pound of cheese, producers sell 212.5 billion pounds of cheese (some to consumers and some to the USDA). How much producer surplus is created now?

f. The surplus cheese USDA buys is the difference between the quantity of cheese producers sell (212.5 billions of pounds of cheese) and the quantity of cheese consumers are willing to buy at the price floor (211...

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