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Economic, Social And Political Change In 19th Century

977 words - 4 pages

The profound economic change that occurred in the early 1900’s was largely influenced and formed by the industrial revolution, in particular the second wave that occurred in the late 1800’s.
The revolution as a whole resulted in the change from economies based on agriculture and farming, to industry based profits. This second wave of the revolution not only refined and improved the prior inventions of iron and coal, but brought with it new highly developed technologies such as steel, electricity, oil and chemicals that lead to the creation of new industries that had not existed prior. The introduction of large scale steel and iron production, as well as advanced railway systems and the ...view middle of the document...

The working class is also growing discontent due to the fact that they have absolutely no say over anything in the old order system. They were after better working conditions, better pay and the right to vote. Trade Unions were created as a result of this growing discontent. Their aim was to convince the government to give them better working and living conditions. The upper class, however were reluctant to change – they were reluctant to give up their power that the middle and working classes were challenging. The dynastic rule was under threat from the new ideologies and groups of people that were trying to change the way their nation was run. Another political change was the creation of local governments to help increase the quality of life in the cities. Because of the creation of local governments better living conditions were created and well as more room for everyone living in the city, due to the new railway systems that were created. This is seen in London as the city was extremely overcrowded and because of this it was unhygienic and diseases spread easily. When the local governments were brought in they were able to create new railways, thus extending the city and the areas in which people lived, thus the population was spread out more. This caused a lot less overcrowded areas and an improvement in hygiene. The local governments also brought in new garbage and waste systems to help improve hygiene. This is what caused the increasing political change during the early 20th century and the affects of it.

The early twentieth century was a time of increasing social change; the industrial revolution can be seen as a catalyst for urbanisation, which led to people moving into cities where there were better job opportunities and also because there was a decline in agricultural jobs – this movement had a multitude of consequences on society.  One of these...

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