LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS and DEVELOPMENTAL DOMAINS
ECE101 Introduction to Early Childhood Education
September 19, 2014
A teacher’s classroom environment is an ultimate concern in the beginning of each school year. This is in addition to designing an effective learning environment for reading, science and art projects among many subjects. Another important concern is arranging a generous amount of physical space with learning goals, while ensuring that each student adapts to all instructional requirements and needs. The first step to a well-equipped classroom setting providing sufficient reading and writing materials promoting an ultimate learning environment. This paper will ...view middle of the document...
Since children are still increasing their vocabulary and how to hold a conversation, drawing behaviors are supplemental ways of expressing themselves. So, children start focusing on drawing. As they continue to grow these activities include schoolwork and sports. For example, both old and recent Gesell studies reflect 4 ½ year olds are able to draw rectangles but they do not know what a triangle is and they are not able to draw one until they are 5 ½ years old. The child has to be able to perceive angle lines in order to draw a triangle. For example, if they cannot understand the angles in a letter, then they can write it (Pappano, 2010, p. 2) (Estes, L.S., & Krogh, S. L. (2012).
My classroom design is configured to will promote emotional, social, and moral development. The configuration of the furniture is designed to encourage interaction between each child to help them develop and grow together. Between the ages of 3 and 6 years old, “children are in Erickson’s Stage 3, Initiative versus Guilt. Erikson spoke of children’s “surplus of energy” and a “pleasure in attack and conquest” (p. 255) (Estes, L.S., & Krogh, S. L. (2012) section 3.3 para 13). The unique play areas and group settings will make it easy to observe these features of development in each child. The classroom is inviting and promotes calmness helping the children to adjust to the environment; making it a smooth transition from their home (parents) environment to the classroom. The room is equipped with a refrigerator, sink, and clothes racks etc. It is as close to a home environment as possible. Contentment promotes learning as well. Moral development is a huge part of this stage as well. Preschoolers must learn that they must adhere to class rules and the consequences if they do not comply.
Per Piaget’s (1932) Theory of Moral Development preschoolers develop their own understanding of rules when playing as well as telling the truth and fairness.
For example, when playing with a ball; they adapted rules in accordance to their fantasies and what they should do with the ball. Preschooler’s often mimic the actions of older children thinking that those actions are truly the rules even though had no clue of the rules of a game (Estes, L.S., & Krogh, S. L. (2012).
An American psychologist named B. F. Skinner (1904- 1990) conceived what he called the operant conditioning theory of human development of how we learn at any age. He believed that learning is just a change in behavior. He also believed that...