Motivation is a type of force that compels humans to portray certain behaviors in different situations. According to Kenyon (1994-2006), two types of motivational theories are the Drive Reduction Theory and the Positive Incentive Theory (Theories of Motivation). There are other theories that help explain motivation and its reasoning, but this papers focus remains on the Drive Reduction Theory and Positive Incentive Theory and their relationship to eating disorders. One can conclude that after researching the role that motivation plays with eating disorders, the disease exhibits both intrinsic and extrinsic ...view middle of the document...
“Extrinsic motivation occurs when we are motivated to perform a behavior or engage in an activity in order to earn a reward or avoid a punishment. Intrinsic motivation involves engaging in a behavior because it is personally rewarding; essentially, performing an activity for its own sake rather than the desire for some external reward” (Cherry, 2014). Society portrays the ideal body image as unreasonably thin, the reward for achieving this is acceptance and approval. Thus, the extrinsic motivation would be the anorexic refraining from eating in order to become thinner or the bulimic purging in effort to keep from gaining weight. The “reward” for these behaviors would be the acceptance from society. The intrinsic motivation is the disease itself; the constant battle within oneself. Behaviors, such as regulating food intake or purging of food, are personally rewarding to the anorexic or bulimic when the numbers on the scale drop. Therefore, an eating disorder can be driven by both external and internal forces.
An eating disorder is a life threatening disease that does not discriminate. Eating disorders “affect people of every age, race, gender and socio-economic status” (National Eating Disorders Association, 2013). Although this is true, there are still myths claiming that young, Non-Hispanic, white women are more susceptible to the disease. Contributing factors to eating disorders are low self-esteem, substance abuse, trauma such as...