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East Asian Cooperation Essay

910 words - 4 pages

A key liberalist argument is , “cooperation is hard to achieve but is not entirely impossible.” Liberalists are firm advocates of regimes and regime design. They emphasize that under several given conditions states will create institutions in order to achieve mutual gains through policy coordination and cooperation. Under these conditions, the states will agree to be bound by certain rules, norms, or decisions of international organizations. This does not mean that the most powerful states in the system will always obey the rules. Rather, institutions affect international politics because they open up new means to cooperate as they foster negotiations among states as well as compliance ...view middle of the document...

The most significant even that led to better cooperation was the signing of the Treaty for a Constitution of EU by the EU Heads of State in 2004. It symbolized the degree to which member states and the people of Europe have accepted that they are part of a constitutional polity with shared rules and norms. Although political integration has somewhat lagged behind, efforts are being made at creating a common foreign and security policy.
Another case of effective cooperation, but in Asia, is the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN); an organization with a more limited membership. It dates back to an agreement among Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, and the Philippines in 1967. The Association formed the ASEAN Declaration to state it aims and purposes and the member countries have also adopted fundamental principles in their relations with one another, as contained in Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia. What weighs more than similarities in size, common economic ties, and shared environmental and social problem is the external environment. ASEAN is a useful caucus for its members to agree negotiation positions with the larger economies of China, Japan, and South Korea- and occasionally together with these three- the United States and the EU. Beyond trade, ASEAN serves as a useful forum to discuss security issues and as the institutional support for arguments about ‘Asian Values.’
A still progressing case is Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), a younger inter-governmental grouping that was created in 1989 with a total of twenty-one members, referred to as “Member Economies.” A notable feature of APEC is that it operates on the basis of non-binding commitments. Under the leadership of the US this highly diverse group of...

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