Earthquakes: Dangerous & Natural Energy
Kaplan University Online
SC-300 Big Ideas in Science
March 8, 2010
There are patterns in the distribution of earthquakes in the continental United States; they can be noted in the following ways. There is an area in the southern part of the Midwest around the borders of Kentucky, Arkansas and Tennessee areas that is more at risk than other areas of the country, as well as the California coast (the San Andreas Fault) and an area in the Wyoming/Idaho area. These aforementioned areas are rating anywhere from a 10, 20 or 40 percent on the USGS National Hazards Map with rippling areas of lesser intensity going outward from these points.
I am located in Lancaster County, PA; and my area on the same map is at a low risk for earthquakes. The map tells me there is an approximate 2% chance ...view middle of the document...
If I was forced to move to one of these areas for one reason or the other, I would prepare myself in the following manner. I would utilize the available resources to me from the USGS’s readiness links, I would have a 30 day supply of bottled water and canned food on the premises, have an emergency kit (fire extinguisher, first aid supplies, flashlights and batteries, basic tools and a battery operated radio), have an emergency evacuation plan for my family and a well planned out evacuation route as well.
In looking at the list of the deadliest and most destructive earthquakes that the USGS has on record, I have noticed several things. The two most recent on that list occurred on January 12, 2010 in Haiti and on May 12, 2008 in Eastern China. I’m not sure if this site has been updated to include the most recent activity in Chile or not. There can be no way that Science can control earthquakes, however our ability to predict the locations and events leading up to these quakes has come a long way. We have a seismograph machine to detect rumbles inside the earth; this tool is useful in the documentation of quakes as to the location and strength of them. The invention of the seismograph was a result of massive quakes of the past not being documented and the need to be able to do so. The saying goes “necessity is the mother of invention” and that definitely applies here.
There are both similarities and differences in the natural geological energy that we have discussed thus far and the biological energy that takes place in humans and animals, say, during food consumption. Energies here have a source, both are natural, both affect other parts of their habitat or persons and both are considered to be active. The differences between the two would be the ways in which they are manifested, the amount of energy releases in various chemical reactions, how drastic these affects are and whether or not it is useful or harmful.
N.A. (2010). USGS: Science for a changing world. Retrieved March 8, 2010 from http://www.usgs.gov/