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Earth Vocab Essay

872 words - 4 pages

Chp 1

aphelion 遠日點
perihelion 近日點
asteroid 小行星
comet 彗星
gravity 引力
orbit 軌跡
inertia 慣性
elliptical;ellipsoid 橢圓
spin 旋轉
exaggerate 誇大
cast 投射
geoid 地球形體
pillar 柱
revolve around 環繞
longitude 經度
meridian 子午線
prime meridian 本初子午線
time zone 時區
revolution 公轉
solstice 至
equinox 分
temperate 穩定
ripen 成熟
deciduous 落葉性的
vernal 春季的
latitude 緯度

Solar system:
(Dwarf planet) 矮行星
Pluto 冥王星
(Outer planets)
Neptune 海王星
Uranus 天王星
Saturn 土星
Jupiter 木星
(Inner planets)
Mars 火星
Earth 地球
Venus 金星
Mercury 水星

gas giant 氣體巨行星
terrestrial 類地行星的
chromosphere 色球層
photosphere 光球
corona 日冕
nuclear fusion 原子核融合
hydrogen 氫
helium 氦
radiative zone 輻射層
radiate 傳導
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g.jellyfish 水母, coral polyps 珊瑚蟲)
mollusks 軟體動物
echinoderms 棘皮動物(e.g.sea urchins 海膽, starfish 海星)
arthropod 節肢動物
brachiopod 腕足類動物
graptolite 筆石
trilobites 三葉蟲
bivalve 貝類(e.g.clams 蜆,oysters 蠔)
gastropods 腹足綱(e.g.whelks海螺,limpets帽目)
cephalopods 頭足類動物(e.g.straight-shelled nautiloids 鸚鵡螺,octopus 八爪魚, squid烏賊)

(Silurian period)
Early land plant
crinoid 海百合
early scorpion 早期蝎子
sea scorpion
cephalopod 頭足類動物
jawless fish
reef-building solitary單獨 corals
acanthodians 棘魚綱
placoderms 盾皮魚綱
millipedes 馬陸(千足蟲)

(Devonian period)
fern ancestor 蕨類(羊齒類植物(
cephalopod 頭足類
early insect
early amphibian
bony(osteichthyan) fish 硬骨魚
arachnids 蛛形綱

(Mississippian period)
Giant club moss 石松綱
lobe-finned bony fish 肉鰭魚
brachiopod 腕足動物
bryozoan 苔蘚動物

(Pennsylvanian period)
cordaites tree 科達樹
acanthodian 棘魚綱
early reptile
chondrichthyan(e.g.shark) 軟骨魚
Proto-dragonfly 原始蜻蜓
horsetails 木賊
giant club moss

(Permian period)
Conifer 針葉樹
carnivorous synapsid 肉食合弓綱
bony fish
herbivorous synapsid 草食合弓綱

(Triassic period)
lycopsid 石松門
cycad 蘇鐵屬植物
early mammal (shrewlike鼩鼱 proto-mammals)
theropod dinosaur 獸腳恐龍
crocidilian 鱷魚
prosauropod dinosaur 蜥腳恐龍
lchthyosaur 魚龍
therapsid 獸孔目

(Jurassic period)
Cycadeoid 擬蘇鐵目
pterosaur 翼龍
early bird
ornithischian dinosaur 鳥臀恐龍
sauropod dinosaur 蜥腳下目恐龍
cephalopod 頭足綱
plesiosaur 蛇頸龍


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