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Early Modern Europe – Major Forces For Change

941 words - 4 pages

Early Modern Europe – Major Forces for Change

There are a lot of events that shaped the history of early Europe. Our ancestors had a lot on their plate when they discovered new lands and fought new diseases. One of the early forces that had a major impact were the crusades. The Crusades were a bunch of religious wars that were called on by the Pope and the Catholic Church in order to defend Christianity against the Muslims and get closer to the holy cities and other places in ancient Palestine. So what exactly does “crusade” mean? The word comes from an old French word “crois”, which means cross (if you haven’t guessed it). The crusaders (men who take vows to fight for Christianity) were ...view middle of the document...

An example of a guild would be the trade guild, they were probably the richest because all major trade in the city would be done there. Other examples would be the fighter’s guild, or the elusive thief’s guild.
Another event that caused a massive change in Europe was “The Black Death”, a very deadly epidemic that claimed a massive number of victims. The plague was believed to be brought by rats from the eastern trade routes. There were 3 ways to get infected. First one was “bubonic” which gets its name from the massive swellings that the victim had on their head and arms. The swellings were usually the size of a small apple. This type was mainly spread the same way as malaria, via insects. Fleas would usually attach themselves to rats or other infected animals and then come in contact with humans, and infected immediately, the life expectancy was no more than one week. The second type was the “pneumonic” plague, as the word suggests it usually attacked the lungs first, because it was spread just by breathing the same air as another victim, in turn it was much more dangerous and life expectancy was no more than 2 days. The third type of the plague was the “septicemic” which translates to a disease which attacks the bloodstream. Suffice to say that no doctor at that time could cure it, either because they were too afraid to even go near the victims or perhaps they were just ignorant. The reaction to the plague was mixed. One of the scenarios that happened is best described in the story “The Masque of the Red Death” by Edgar Allan Poe. A group of nobles shut themselves in a mansion so that they would...

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