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Dysphasia Essay

1219 words - 5 pages

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  | The most appropriate diagnosis for a 10-year-old child who continually makes mistakes in reading aloud such that semantically related words are substituted for the printed word (e.g., “puppy” is read as “dog,” and “woman” is read as “mother”) would be: |
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  | Student Response |
A. | word aphasia. |
B. | attentional dyslexia. |
C. | deep dyslexia. |
D. | phonological dyslexia. |
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Score: | 0.09/0.09 |
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2. | |
  | Reduced verbal fluency and difficulties in comprehension and production of prosody have been reported following damage to the: |
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  | Student Response |
A. | right insular cortex. |
B. | left orbitofrontal cortex. |
C. ...view middle of the document...

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D. | localizationist theories that posit strict separation of speech comprehension and production are incorrect. |
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Score: | 0/0.09 |
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6. | |
  | According to the dual-route theory of reading, a person who can read all familiar words without difficulty but cannot read novel words is using the: |
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  | Student Response |
A. | prosodic route. |
B. | letter naming route. |
C. | lexical route. |
D. | phonological route. |
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Score: | 0.09/0.09 |
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7. | |
  | A neuropsychologist might choose to administer the Token Test to: |
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  | Student Response |
A. | screen for the genetic bases for a language disorder. |
B. | comprehensively define the extent of a language deficit. |
C. | screen for problems with motivation and emotion. |
D. | quickly assess whether a language deficit is present. |
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Score: | 0.09/0.09 |
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8. | |
  | Tests of language abilities in split-brain subjects show that the right hemisphere has: |
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  | Student Response |
A. | all the elements required for fluent American Sign Language use. |
B. | good language production and comprehension capabilities. |
C. | good language production but poor comprehension abilities. |
D. | good language comprehension but poor production abilities. |
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Score: | 0.09/0.09 |
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The model-building approach to understanding the reasons for dyslexia proposes the existence of: |
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  | Student Response |
A. | multiple, independent subsystems. |
B. | multiple, interacting subsystems. |
C. | a fundamental deficit in attentional processes. |
D. | a single hierarchical language pathway for reading. |
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Score: | 0/0.09 |
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2.
 
According to analyses of language lateralization by Benson and Zaidel, the only language function found to be localized strictly in the left hemisphere is: |
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  | Student Response |
A. | All of these answers are correct. |
B. | syntax. |
C. | speech perception. |
D. | prosody. |
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Score: | 0.09/0.09 |
  |
3.
 
A neuropsychologist might choose to administer the Token Test to: |
|
  | Student Response |
A. | screen for the genetic bases for a language disorder. |
B. | comprehensively define the extent of a language deficit. |
C. | quickly assess whether a language deficit is present. |
D. | screen for problems with motivation and emotion. |
|
Score: | 0.09/0.09 |
  |
4.
 
A patient who can comprehend speech, produce meaningful speech, and repeat speech, but has great difficulty in finding the names of objects, likely has sustained damage to the: |
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  | Student Response |
A. | inferior temporal lobe. |
B. | superior temporal lobe. |
C. | posterior parietal lobe. |
D. | inferior frontal lobe. |
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Score: | 0.09/0.09 |
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5.
 
An alternative hypothesis for fluent aphasia posited by Dronkers and colleagues suggests that the role of the...

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