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Dsm Iv Tr Categories Essay

1221 words - 5 pages

Anxiety, Mood/Affective, Dissociative, and Somatoform Matrix
By Mary R. Torczon
PSY/410 Dr. Jones
July 25th, 2011

Anxiety, Mood/Affective, Dissociative, and Somatoform Matrix
A disorder is a disruptive condition or combinations of symptoms that an individual experiences that may debilitate to his or her daily lives. Some disorders are more complex than others such as hypochondriasis, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Anxiety, mood, dissociative, and somatoform disorders make the ability for normal daily functioning impossible. This paper will analyze the disorders of anxiety, mood/affective, dissociative, and somatoform disorders in reference to the biological, emotional, ...view middle of the document...

Luckily medications such as Valium and Xanax treat anxiety disorders. Antidepressants such as Zoloft also treat panic attacks, form of excessive anxiety. To treat OCD and PTSD, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) such as Celexa and Lexapro ease symptoms and generally have fewer side effects than other anti-depressants (Mayo Clinic, 2011).
Mood/Affective disorders
Mood/Affective disorders, characterized by long periods of severe depression with manic episodes of elevated, expansive, or irritable mood, last at least a week. These disorders also impair social and professional functioning (Hansell & Damour, 2008). Suicidal thoughts, insomnia, increased self-consciousness, extreme guilt, fatalism, and poor social skills all fall under the behavioral category of mood/affective disorders. Schizophrenic diagnosis also falls within this axis. Practitioners and researchers have criticized this category, arguing that depression is part of a normal life, and that the criterion of the DSM-IV facilitates false diagnosis of mood disorder when the behaviors are transitive and appropriate (Fawcett, 2009).
Dissociative disorders
Dissociative disorders are repressive disorders caused by traumatic experiences (Hansell & Damour, 2008). Categories of this disorder are dissociative amnesia, depersonalization disorder, dissociative fugue, and dissociative identity disorder (Hansell & Demour, 2008). Dissociative disorders affect the cognitive process in that the human memory will build mental blocks to protect an individual from a traumatic experience. One may even create a new identity to escape his or her past. Behaviors of this disorder include detachment from society, social awkwardness, and a dazed state of mind. Biologically, a medically induced dissociative state involves an alteration in the hippocampus, amygdale, and thalamus (Hansell & Damour, 2008). Presently, there are no medications that specifically treat the full magnitude of dissociative disorders. However, acute symptoms are treated. Since clinicians started to treat patients with dissociative disorders, they have emphasized the “need to first stabilize them and only then gradually approach the dissociative parts of the personality, including the traumatic memories” (Bremner & Marmar, p. 257-258).
Somatoform disorders
Somatoform disorders are medically or physiologically based, but they are psychosocial factors and mimic medical disorders (Comer, 2006). Categorized somatoform disorders are conversion disorder, somatization disorder, and pain disorder, hypochondriasis, and body dysmorphic disorder. Behaviors of this disorder include an individual preoccupied with physical concerns, but appearing normal. Biologically, this disorder causes enough stress potentially to impair or debilitate oneself. Similar to dissociative disorder, somatoform disorders are treated by medicating the symptoms only. Sometimes antidepressants and antianxiety medications...

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