Drug Report/ Week 11
Molly, Molly, Molly, I am a huge fan of all types of music and in the last couple of years I feel like I should know Molly on a personal level. Molly seems to be referenced in almost every hip hop song that you hear on the radio and I do find myself singing right along with the lyrics with references to Molly’s. I knew I had to find out what Molly actually was once I heard grade school kids referencing it and I honestly at the time could not explain what Molly was because I myself did not know.
The references of Molly and drugs in general have come apart of our ...view middle of the document...
It’s clear that Molly is on a lot of people’s guest list some more than others but none the less she’s always on the VIP list.
1914 when the U.S. was waged in the First World War, Merck a German pharmaceutical company synthesized and patented the compound called 3, 4-methylenedioxymethamphetaine (MDMA). With an intended use to be for dieting and a blood clotting agent but the synthesized compound had no commercial success and was left on the shelf until the its patent expired.
In 1970 almost a half a century later Alexander Shulgin an American scientist resynthesized MDMA and began experimenting with MDMA believing that MDMA could deem medically useful in treating people with psychological disorders, helping to create trust between patient and therapist. Like Shulgin researchers today are still interested in the potential therapeutic value when MDMA is administered under careful and monitored conditions. Although Shulgin and researchers that share the same medical theory there are scientist and researchers of today that do not see that MDMA has any useful medical benefits.
MDMA is a derivative of the amphetamine family (causing a rush or high along with increased energy and wakefulness) and a relative of the stimulant methamphetamine. MDMA is an euphoria-inducing stimulant and hallucinogen. Taken its effect within an half an hour, being a hallucinogen it produces psychological effects; heightening one’s sensory signals but this comes with the loss of control over what psychological effects occur. Legally MDMA is classified as a hallucinogen, but pharmacologically classified as an entactogen- a drug with both stimulant and hallucinogenic qualities. MDMA has the chemical structure that has properties similar to both amphetamine and hallucinogens, these chemical similarities are directly responsible for the psychoactive, mind altering effects of the drug.
MDMA increases the production of the neurotransmitter serotonin and blocks it’s reabsorption in the brain; with the increase of serotonin the negative effects can be confusion, depression, sleep problems, drug craving, and anxiety; this can occur right after consumption or even days, weeks, later.
Most are familiar with MDMA in the pill form and taking it orally but there have been reports of snorting, injecting, and suppository use of MDMA. MDMA can be altered from the existing synthetic drug called MDA once termed the “mellow drug of America” (Robbins p32). MDA and MDMA are both chemically similar to speed. 50 to 150 milligrams would be a “effective hallucinogenic dose” (Robbing p32) although users of the drug can consume double, triple the “effective hallucinogenic dose”. One can never be sure what is going to happen when using MDMA; using this psychoactive drug can be an uncertain venture. Researcher Ronald Seigal commented “when doses are pushed, we get madness, not ecstasy” (Robbins p36).
Users of MDMA when on a “up” can experience heightened self-awareness, reduced...