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Drug Profile Paper

1452 words - 6 pages

Drug use in the United States is a growing problem. It is important for businesses to have an understanding of the types of drugs that are available. This guide will give an overview of stimulants, depressants, opiates, hallucinogens, and cannabis.
Stimulants
Meth is a highly addictive stimulant that can cause severe damage to the body and brain. Meth has many street names, such as, ice, crank, crystal, glass, and speed. Most of these names are derived from the way it looks. It appears as crystals. Meth can be taken by snorting, smoking, injecting, or by dissolving it in water or alcohol. According to "National Institute on Drug Abuse" (2010), “Methamphetamine’s ability to ...view middle of the document...

But this is normally why people relapse, because they just want to feel normal again and the drug does this for them. As of today, the best way to treat meth addiction is behavioral treatment programs. This includes counseling for the addict and the family members or loved ones and a 12 step program. There are no medications that can treat methamphetamine addictions.
Depressants
Xanax is relatively common drug that is prescribed for anxiety and panic disorders. Xanax can be addicting if a person takes more than the recommended amount and for an extended period of time. Although, even those that take Xanax as prescribed can still become addicted. For that have become addicted to Xanax, they experience problems in their relationships, work life, and suffer from financial problems. Prolonged use of Xanax has many side effects. These effects include lack of coordination, slurred speech, confusion and disorientation. The medication suppresses the central nervous system so the side effects mainly affect the way the brain functions ("Xanax Abuse Signs, Symptoms and Addiction Treatment", 2013).
When an addict begins to withdrawal from Xanax they can suffer from insomnia, nightmares, sleep disturbances, changed in mood, nodding out, hallucinations, and lack of judgment, muscle stiffness, spasms or tremors. According to "Insomnia, Depression May Arise with Xanax Withdrawal" (2013), “Additional effects on the nerves can cause tingling or pins and needles sensations, itching and burning pain. Some people oscillate between numbness and electric shocks or feeling hot and cold. The normal treatment plan is an inpatient facility. An addict can be prescribed other medications that can lessen the effects of withdrawal. Once they are at a point the feel more energetic, they can begin therapy sessions. While in an inpatient facility, they can learn skills that will aid them in their recovery process.
Opiates
Heroin is highly addictive and used by millions of addicts all over the world. Heroin addicts face of a constant fear knowing that if they quit using the drug, they will face agonizing withdrawals. Heroin can be injected, snorted or smoked. Heroin has many street names such as junk, smack, thunder, H, hell dust and brown sugar. A person can feel extroverted, able to communicate easily with others and may experience a sensation of heightened sexual performance—but not for long ("Foundation for a Drug Free World", 2006-2013).
The effects of taking heroin included an instant rush, slowed breathing, clouded mental functioning, nausea and vomiting, sedation, lower body temperature, and even death ("Foundation for a Drug Free World", 2006-2013). Long term users suffer from collapsed veins, infections in the blood, tuberculosis, and arthritis. Heroin users are at a greater risk for contracting AIDS and hepatitis C due to the use of sharing needles with other addicts. Other long term effects include bad teeth and gums,...

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