Drug addiction is not a recent problem in Bangladesh. But it has been rising. In recent years Drug Addiction has significantly increased in Bangladesh. This agent of human devastation has spread its tentacles worldwide and also in our country.
Every intelligent and humane person in the world society and international organisations such as the UN and WHO are alarmed by the present rate of addiction.
Nowadays nearly ten per cent of outpatients in our hospitals are cases of drug addiction involving heroin, ganja and phensidyl.
These are generally youths and young men between 15-30 years of age and come from all strata of the society. But there are adolescents below 15 years of age and men ...view middle of the document...
12. Sleeping pill:
Production and Cultivation:
While, as an Islamic country, Bangladesh proscribes the consumption of alcohol, there is significant abuse of this substance. Porous borders with India and Myanmar permit trafficking in drugs and other contraband.
Cannabis(ganja) is still cultivated, particularly in the districts of Naogaon, Rajshahi, Jamalpur and Netrrokona in the northwestern region, as well as the hilly districts near Cox’s Bazaar, Banderban, Khagrachhari and Rangamati in the southeast (bordering Myanmar).
Reliable figures for the total area of cannabis production in Bangladesh are not available, but cultivation in the Chittagong Hill Tract region is reportedly on the increase.
The army and the Bangladesh Rifles in the southeastern hilly region have reported that the overall cannabis production has increased significantly in recent years.
Local alcoholic drinks are made in villages like Mymensingh, Banderban, Moulovibazar, Chittagong and even Dhaka.
Bangladesh is not believed to manufacture any narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances illicitly. It also does not manufacture any precursor chemicals except hydrochloric acid and sulfuric acid.
Bangladesh is a transit country for drugs produced in the Golden Triangle and, to a much lesser degree, the Golden Crescent. Reports from the Indian Narcotics Control Bureau also indicate that heroin is smuggled from India to Bangladesh through the porous Ind-Bangladesh border. There were seven seizures of heroin hidden in fresh vegetable shipments from Dhaka into the UK in 2003 (INCSR 2003). Dhaka airport and the seaport of Chittagong appear to be preferred exit points. Heroin seizures have been about 30-40 kg per year during the past four years except during 2000 and 2002. During 2003, law enforcement agencies seized 34 kg heroin, 1,906 kg ganja (cannabis herb) (ARQ 2003), 28,288 litres of Phensidyl®, 1,276 ampoules of pethidine and 2,898 ampoules of Tidigesic® (INCSR 2003).
Nonetheless, the smuggling in, diversion and abuse of pharmaceuticals originating from India is considered to be the largest drug problem in Bangladesh.
Reasons for Drug Addiction:
In brief the reasons determined through research, include :
1. Curiosity and excitement through use;
2. Despair and frustration among the youth;
3. Some patients are addicts because they try to follow the western culture of drugs and enjoyment of life;
4. All drug addicts in our country are afraid of social stigma more than the threat from the law;
6. Continuous failure in works;
7. Easy access to drugs;
8. Unemployment problem/economic insolvency;
9. Surrounding atmosphere;
10. Estranged in love;
11. Mental stress due to family problem.
Drug addicted in percentage:
Peoples type Addicted in percentage
1. Male 93.9 %
2. Female ( in Dhaka city) 20.6 %
3. Unmarried 64.8 %