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Dreams As Wishes Essay

1686 words - 7 pages

All Dreams Represent Wishes; their Motive is a Wish and they Represent the Satisfaction of ItDreams are the transformation of thoughts into a hallucinatory experience (Lec1The Interpretation of dreams: Sigmund Freud Penguin editionp250). Through the study of dream analysis, we will attempt to dissect dreams down to their very foundation, with the aim of having a better understanding of the unconscious human mind, its desires and its motivations.Sigmund Freud was not the first person, to have a deep fascination with dreams. Dreams, themselves, have captivated people for centuries, stemming back to pre biblical times, with two main methods of interpretation. (The Interpretation of dreams: ...view middle of the document...

" (Standard edition Handling of Dream interpretation).Freud himself employed the idea that all dreams realize the desires that we may have on a conscious or unconscious level. In accordance, there are two categories of dreams, those which realize our wishes openly, and which may be evident in our waking life, and those that appear unrecognizable and are disguised. (The Interpretation of dreams: Sigmund Freud Penguin edition chapter1section C P702) In sleep the censorship device which each of us employ in our waking lives, that serves to repress our innermost desires, are inactive- thus allowing our repressed wishes to surface, in the form of dreams. Lacan argued that Freud in fact revealed a preconscious rather than an unconscious wish. (Lacan Seminar 2 p150-152)Freud believed, that dreams should be examined under their relevant groupings, in order to construct a more defined science. These headings can be understood to be:Infantile Dreams - The dreams of children. These involve the open fulfillment of a permitted wish. Freud claimed, "all dreams are children's dreams, they work with the same infantile material, with the mental impulses and mechanisms of children." (Introductory lectures on psychoanalysis Lecture 14: Sigmund Freud Penguin edition p250).Distorted dreams, which are both diverse and complex, involve a number of disguise factors which can add to the difficulty of analysis, such as: condensation (fusing of various objects or people into one, displacement (a disturbing image or idea is substituted for one less disturbing, which in turn, shifts the emphasis away from what is really important), examples of which can be seen in Freud's Irma dream (The Interpretation of dreams: Sigmund Freud Penguin edition p184ch11), representation thoughts (or concretization thoughts, which commonly turn abstract ideas, into images). Distorted dreams are disguised fulfillments of repressed wishes, and are possibly the most difficult of the three to analyse, as they employ indifferent material, in order to distract from what is of significant importance.The third category is anxiety dreams, these are open fulfillments of repressed wishes; the anxiety is a sign that the repressed wish has shown itself stronger than the censorship (Introductory lectures on psychoanalysis p254 L14: Sigmund Freud Penguin edition). Anxiety dreams are perhaps the most disturbing, when examined under manifest content.The presence of dreams of convenience must be noted at this point. These are dreams, which satisfy the dreamers wish which are motivated by a somatic stimulus for a particular point of time. For example the dream that Freud refers to (p202 ch3 The Interpretation of dreams: Sigmund Freud Penguin edition) of his thirst, and subsequent dream of drinking water in great gulps. Freud did not believe in telling people what was wrong with them, but instead, he found it more beneficial, to bring them to their own understanding, through listening, observing and gentle...

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