TRANSFORMATION OF TEXTS
The transformation of a text involves the appropriation of one text into another, providing a reflection of the different views, attitudes and perspectives of an evolving time and context. The transformation of texts such as Francis Ford Coppolaâ€™s â€œBram Stokerâ€™s Draculaâ€ and Neil Jordanâ€™s motion picture â€œInterview with the vampireâ€, sustain the same genre and concepts of its original literary predecessor, â€œDraculaâ€ by Bram Stoker, however, incorporates altered ideas and language expression to suit the modern day audience.
The submissive and inferior nature of women is presented in the final scene of the novel, as Mina bends to the will of Van Helsing by staying in the ring of crumbled Holy Communion wafers. In particular, it is important to note that the chase and death of Dracula is executed by all male figures further accentuating the idea of a predominantly patriarchal society. Through the employment of ...view middle of the document...
This exemplifies the rise of power in women, as it is Minaâ€™s own will and love for Dracula that attempts to save him, despite his treacherous acts of murder.
In this production the men battle to kill Dracula, however, it is in fact Mina who eventually finishes him off in an act of love. This also defies the original ideas in the novel which specifically define the good in Christianity and the evil of the hellish vampire. In the very last scene, when Dracula returns to his younger face, the human qualities evokes a sense of sympathy, questioning the possibility of a definite good and a definite evil in humankind.
This idea of a definite good and evil is also challenged in Neil Jordanâ€™s 1994 film â€œInterview with the Vampireâ€. Jordanâ€™s film gives the vampire stereotype a new lease of life by humanising the creatures, presenting them with a conscience and emotional capabilities. Louis, a lost soul lured by Lestat into the world of undead corruption, desperately clings onto his inner source of humanity as he is tormented by the underlying truth of vampire life; to survive, he must kill.
Unlike Stokerâ€™s novel, in which we shape Dracula indirectly through other charactersâ€™ diary entries, the didactic film effectively tells the story from Louis, a vampireâ€™s perspective to highlight his psychological state of mind. Throughout the film he has a sense of sorrow washed over his face, with glassy eyes and a lack of facial expressions staring at empty space. This again creates sympathy for the modern day vampire. Moreover, the interview format reflects the intimacy and, increases the impact of Louisâ€™s voice, underlining the idea that the modern society is not dominated by one set of Christian values but the notion that there is humanity in all creatures.
Overall, the transformations by Francis Ford Coppola and Neil Jordan, have redefined the ideas and concepts within the original novel â€œDraculaâ€ with respect to the specific time period and context. It highlights the dominant role of women in a modern day society, redefines the vampire figure today giving it human qualities, and proposes the question of what is good and what is evil.