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Dr. Charles R. Drew Essay

576 words - 3 pages

Frederick Douglass AcademyElias SantiagoPeriod 7 February 17, 2003Math assignmentDr. Charles R. DrewCharles Drew was born in Washington D.C on June 3, 1904. Charles graduated from Paul Laurence Dunbar Highschool. Then he became a star athlete in college and won many athletic honors and was the all-American halfback and captain of his Amherst College football team. After graduating college he spent two years as a biology and chemistry instructor and director of athletics at Morgan State University in Baltimore, Maryland. Charles became a waiter to pay his way at McGill. He was a track star and was elected to the Alpha Omega Alpha (AOA) national honor society for medical students.In 1928 Charles enrolled at McGill University in Montreal, Canada where he ...view middle of the document...

There he became the first African American to receive a doctorate in medical science of Physicians and Surgeons in 1940.Blood was needed urgently with the outbreak of World War II. He organized the blood for Britain project in 1940, which he collected, processed, and transported nearly 15,000 plasma units within five months. Charles scientific research helped to revolutionize transfusion methods so that plasma could be given to wounded soldiers on the battlefield, a medical breakthrough that saved countless lives. In 1941 Charles became the first director of the American cross Blood Bank, after that he tried to make the public aware that blood banks do not need to be segregated by race.Charles established an effective organization for collecting and preserving blood plasma for the U.S Army and Navy. He practiced medicine and taught surgery throughout his career. He received many honors and awards. Charles resigned his directorship to protest the military's decision to maintain racially segregated blood banks.In 1944 the N.A.A.C.P presented him with the Springarn Award for his contributions to humanity. His brilliant career was cut short for a fatal car crash in 1950. Drew died as a result of injuries received in an automobile accident in April 1950. A well-known, but inaccurate, account says that Drew was denied treatment at a local hospital because he was black. In fact, the hospital staff treated Drew as best they could, but he died less than three hours after the accident.Charles Drew will always be known as an African American surgeon, a pioneer in the development of blood banks. He showed that blood plasma lasts longer than the whole blood and helped established blood banks to serve the allies in Europe during World War II. He achieved his goals and made very good contributions to humanity and society.

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