This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Dominating Forces Post Cold War Era

1606 words - 7 pages

Gone is the era when military force was the sole compass in a state’s quest for dominance. The Cold War world order has been lost. What has taken its place is a collision of two opposing forces both competing to materialize as the new, dominant world order. There exists now an overarching battle between the assimilating force of globalization and the emphatic differentiation of cultural identity as a reaction. This structural dissonance in global relations has elevated inherently tense inter-state relationships and cleared a path for the rise of cultural nations within and across states seeking to solidify their distinctiveness and secure a role in the order of the new world.
As the ...view middle of the document...

In his written response to Fukuyama’s theory, Huntington states that “the peoples and governments of non-Western civilizations no longer remain the objects of history as targets of Western colonialism but join the West as movers and shapers of history.” (Huntington. 1993.23.) Here, he attempts to say that non-Western states and civilizations are attempting to ensure a function in the great machine of world order, but even this statement lends itself to the paradoxical belief that states who want their voices to be heard must become western or “join the West.” Indeed, it is this enigma which continues to trouble Russia even 20 years after the fall of the Soviet Union. “Whether it can reconcile or triangulate its interests in the former Soviet Union with its outreach to the West in particular will be a major test of whether Russia can achieve its Great Power aspirations in the long run, or whether it will remain a largely regional actor.” (Mankoff. 2009.28.) This statement suggests that a state must adopt western culture in order to become a “Great Power”, but China has achieved this status on many fronts while maintaining economic and political tactics which are much more aligned with its own civilizational ideology than with western liberalism.
The rise of China alone weakens the western claim of its superior culture as the key to global power. “The people of different civilizations have different views on the relations between God and man, the individual and the group… equality and hierarchy. These differences are the product of centuries. They will not soon disappear.” (Huntington. 1993.25.) This truth can easily be seen in the failure to westernize non-Western states which led to the religious revivals we see sweeping civilizations such as the Middle East to fill “the vacuum left by the collapse of ideology” (Huntington. 1996.96.) Economic and political liberalism offer world peace and human freedom, but religion and culture offer a kind of refuge and communitarianism that cannot be provided by bureaucratic organizations, which explains the power of these religious revivals despite having no foreseeably secure future as a world order. To phrase this idea simply, globalization “delivers peace, prosperity, and relative unity—if at the cost of independence, community, and identity.” (Barber. 1992.)

A prominent juxtaposition of the battling theories of Fukuyama and Huntington was developed by Benjamin Barber in his article and later book of the same name, Jihad vs. McWorld.
Jihad vs. McWorld addresses the various flaws and highlights of each world order theory. In particular, Barber describes the McWorld order (which aligns most closely with Fukuyama’s triumph of liberalism theory) as a secular and universal transformation of the world. Barber describes the Jihad order (which aligns most closely with Huntington’s civilizational clash theory) as rooted in tribalism and religious fundamentalism, specifically Islamic fundamentalism. ...

Other Papers Like Dominating Forces Post Cold War Era

The Early Cold War Essay

2641 words - 11 pages Soviet Union in the post-war era, to use spies to bring about Communist rule in France and Italy. Crucial first Cold War clash. West wanting to consolidate West Germany and Soviets seeking the unification of Germany. The day after the 18 June 1948 announcement of the new Deutsche Mark, Soviet guards halted all passenger trains and traffic on the autobahn to Berlin, delayed Western and German freight shipments and required that all water

Clash Of Cultures Essay

879 words - 4 pages “Clash not Culture” Cultural differences in a post-Cold War era will not empirically lead to more frequent and violent conflicts between civilizations, regardless of their relationship or proximity to each other. As proven through history, conflict is inevitable and today theorists continue to debate where and why the next war will occur. Our world is a mist a diverging global society with non-state actors competing for

American History Ii

2345 words - 10 pages forces to remove him in his ruthless dictatorship position of authority (Roark, p. 1043-1044). The aftermath of the Cold War continues to influence world affairs (Website, After the breakup of the Soviet Union, the post–Cold War world was widely considered as going in one direction, with the United States the sole remaining superpower (Website, The Cold War defined the political role of the United States in the

To What Extent Was American Involvement in the Korean War (1950-1953) Justifiable?

1768 words - 8 pages involvement in the war is not clearly stipulated and this limits the reader’s analysis of factual information. • Cold war to Détente 1945-1985 This is yet another secondary source that gives detailed insight of the events that occurred during the cold war era published in England. It purpose is for scholars to have a general understanding of the cold war and it effects. Information is given on account to account bases which limits the

Cold War History Ia

1768 words - 8 pages war, even a relatively calm and bloodless one such as the Cold War, could possibly be fueled by economic motives, but unfortunately money and trade are often the leading forces in determining whether or not to enter a war with a rival nation. In the case of the Cold War economic incentives were clearing present. The Soviets and the United States differ in their even in their economic ideology, the Soviets were looking to expand their

Politics in Japan

1200 words - 5 pages , otherwise another world war may be on the hands of America. Also post-war events in Europe had highlighted the real dangers of the expansionist Communists. Their methods of election rigging, intimidation and murder, had seen Europe “trampled underfoot” by the USSR. Thus if Truman was able to counter the Soviet-inspired thrust in Korea, he would tip the balance back in the favour of the West, the protectors of democracy and freedom.   As well as the

Contributions Of The U.S. And The U.S.S.R. To The Cold War

778 words - 4 pages Contributions of the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. to the Cold War Student’s Name Course Institution Instructor Date Contributions of the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. to the Cold War Through an analysis of the Soviet Union’s perspective of communist-based system, the United States technological advance in manufacture of atomic bombs and missiles to bring the rest of the world to their knees, and post war estrangement of the Eastern European nations

United Nations

1128 words - 5 pages the decrease in vetos by the P5 which helped the UN function as a collective body and become more decisive and promote even more peace and security. Its peacekeeping operations had nearly doubled during the post-cold war era. With less frequent deadlocks, it substantially grew to become a world leader in ensuring peace. The Security Council has approved non-military enforcements on number of occasions such as Afghanistan, Iraq, Former Yugoslavia

Un Ensuring Peace and Security

1128 words - 5 pages the decrease in vetos by the P5 which helped the UN function as a collective body and become more decisive and promote even more peace and security. Its peacekeeping operations had nearly doubled during the post-cold war era. With less frequent deadlocks, it substantially grew to become a world leader in ensuring peace. The Security Council has approved non-military enforcements on number of occasions such as Afghanistan, Iraq, Former Yugoslavia

The Cold War Affected the State of Politics in Australia- Discuss

1220 words - 5 pages during the Cold War. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Skwirk. (2011). The attempt to outlaw the Communist Party. Available: Last accessed 2nd June 2011. Australian War Memorial. (2011). Korea and the Cold War. Available:

American History Post Civil War

2259 words - 10 pages far behind urban-industrial ones in funding public education. Also, in the south, many blacks had access to no schools at all. The post-Civil War era saw, too, an important expansion of educational opportunities for women. In the years after the war, many of the land-grant colleges and universities in the Midwest and such private universities as Cornell and Wesleyan began to admit women along with men. The female college was part of an

Related Essays

Cold War Era Essay

686 words - 3 pages AMERICAN FAMILIES OF THE COLD WAR ERA July 15, 2011 The Cold War The Cold War was historically the standoff of between Communist countries that were ran by the Soviet Union and the democratic nations that were managed by the United States. This area was considered to be wild because it covered and used whatever it took to get their point across such as propaganda, economic war, political bargaining and the irregular military

Unit 2 Assignment Ss310 Cold War Era

792 words - 4 pages Running head: Cold War Era Unit 2: Assignment NAME SS310 – Exploring the 1960’s Prof. ……….. Cold War Era The Cold War was an important event in our history. Reason being is that it shaped political ideology, foreign policies, impacted our economy, the Presidency and created an uneasy climate among Americans. The United States had been suspicious of the Soviet Union since the 1910’s, but became allies with them when

How Have The Rights And Freedoms Of Women Changed In The Post World War Ii Era?

1841 words - 8 pages The rights and freedoms of women had changed dramatically in the post World War II era due to the Women's Movement of the 1970s. Prior the Women's Movement women were still limited in their employment opportunities and were restricted and expected by the public to traditional roles of household wives. However the Women's Movement tackled those traditional ideas and fought for the right for women to shape their own destinies. Through their

Cold War Era Essay

1067 words - 5 pages The Civil Rights Movement and the black power movement. Although not a formal movement, the Black Power movement marked a turning point in black-white relations in the United States and also in how blacks saw themselves. The movement was hailed by some as a positive and proactive force aimed at helping blacks achieve full equality with whites, but it was reviled by others as a militant, sometimes violent faction whose primary goal was to drive a