Alcohol and Domestic Violence
December 17, 2012
The usage of alcohol and domestic violence studies has been studies for years. There have been different conclusions drawn as to the harm that is or can be caused by consumption depending on the studies or types of studies. The World Health Organization (WHO), an international agency, defines violence as "the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, or another person, or against a group or community, that either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment, or deprivation" (World Health ...view middle of the document...
An empirical study of 8 data bases ranging from Social and Behavioral Sciences, Clinical Medicine, and Life Sciences was used to come up with a mere 22 studies within the frame of exclusion and inclusion used. Specific words such as battered women and alcohol, violence against women and alcohol, domestic violence and alcohol, gender-based violence and alcohol, and gender violence and alcohol. (Gil-González, 2006) were the only ones used within the study. Once chosen the 22 studies were systematically reviewed within the empirical data to show degree of alcohol consumption, how alcohol consumption was measured, epidemiological design used and sampling method, control of confounding variables; and, possible biases within the studies following the operative definitions given within the Dictionary of epidemiology (4th edition) (Last, 2001).
The data collected was placed within excel format and statistically analyzed using the 2x2 or chi-square test to show if the independent variable of alcohol was a factor. A summary meta-analysis was performed and a funnel plot figured as well as a forest plot to rule out or include study bias through usage of published studies used. Spearman’s rank correlation was also calculated to help determine if the grey literature was a portion of the study. Only 22 of the papers made it to this study out of a total of 1012 due to inclusion and exclusion factors. Therefore 98% were ignored. 12 of the 22 did not use alcohol and violence as the primary hypothesis while part of the 98% that were not used included other factors such as children and men and violence. Only 2 of the 22 used direct usage of alcohol as a factor. Due to plotting factors and usage of older studies a direct correlation between alcohol consumption and domestic violence was not considered to be strong as well as the possibility of publication bias usage in this article.
Considering the amount of data that was present to go through and the minimal amount that was actually used the consideration of the frequency distributions , bar charts or pie graphs would be a possible alternative to include information that was not considered to be relevant but would actually show a correlation between alcohol usage and domestic violence. Out of 1012 studies it is very difficult to believe that one study could not be conglomerated to show correlation definitively and the association is considered to be weak due to sampling.
In study 2 (“Men’s arrack drinking and domestic violence against women in a Bangladeshi village”) concluded in 2007 (Karim, 2007) the question of whether arrack usage is a direct link to domestic violence is considered. Arrack a form of Tari is made from fermenting either plum or date juice and can have an alcohol factor between 7%-23%. In the demographic area studied in Bangladesh the patriarchal family (power) structure is present. This structure is such that women are considered to...