Grand Canyon University
June 8, 2016
When reproduction occurs and more than one egg is fertilized, it usually results in twins. If they are from the same egg, they are considered identical. If the egg splits, they are known as fraternal. Whether they are identical or fraternal, each should have their own identity. Identity can be defined as “who one is” or “who one sees in the mirror.” When one enters a doctoral program, he or she embarks upon a new identity, generally known as the “doctoral identity.” Mentors, faculty, family, coworkers and cohort members all play a critical role in fostering the doctoral identity. ...view middle of the document...
A synthesis of common themes identified in the analysis suggests that just as learning is a life-long process, so is socialization. Thus, it must be nurtured to promote the paradigm shift of a doctoral student to scholar.
Socialization takes on many types – primary, developmental and anticipatory. The comingling of these socializations results in professional socialization. The aforementioned forms indicate their connection to how people interact with one another. Socialization has been previously described as “the process by which the individual learns to conform to the norms of the group” and/or “ the process of working together, of developing group responsibility or being guided by the welfare needs of others.” What role does socialization play into shaping an individual’s pathway along the doctoral journey? Answer: the role of a doctoral student is to rise above educational norms of completing academic tasks and making a meaningful and considerable contribution to their field of choice by providing a dissertation of quality. The three articles, address socialization in different contexts. Baker and Lattuca’s approach is from the sociocultural perspective on learning and developmental networks. These two theories connect relationships, networks and communities. Developmental focus is on mentor and mentee. Although this is usually viewed as the older guiding the young, the operative word now is experience. Network outlines relationship as being between two or more individuals known as a network aid in the identity of these individuals that facilitate learning and the acquisition of knowledge” (p. 810). This socialization is further supported by Visser, et. al, but from an angle that tends to the base of this triangle. – Critical thinking. Even though the comparison of critical thinking is between traditional and distance education, it is an integral part of doctoral students’ transition to researcher and scholar. Critical thinking as defined by (Scriven & Paul, 2000) is “a disciplined manner of thought that a person uses to assess the validity of something (statements, stories, arguments, research, etc.)” (Visser et al. p 401). The triangle that exists between the three articles with respect to socialization has Weidman and Stein forming the third side. He picks up developmental socialization as he states “Through socialization, novices “acquire the values and attitudes, the interests, skills, and knowledge, in short the culture, current in the groups of which they are, or seek to become a member (Merton et al., 1957, p. 287) (Weidman et. al p. 642). Baker, Visser and Weidman have all made substantial contributions in their literature. All from different perspectives, which together, give a good snapshot of what doctoral identity looks like.
Comparison of Research Questions
It was stated earlier that in comparing the three articles, only a snapshot was given for the doctoral students’ identity. However,...