Do You Agree With The View That The Sino Soviet Split Was Caused Primarily By The Political Rivalry Of Khrushchev And Mao?

1744 words - 7 pages

Do you agree with the view that the Sino Soviet Split was caused primarily by the political rivalry of Khrushchev and Mao?
The Sino Soviet split occurred largely due to the ideological issues that Mao and Khrushchev had, having vastly opposite ideas on the nature of Revolutions. However, through this you largely see the clash of their personalities and how they differed vastly seen through the Soviet speech in which Khrushchev seriously offended Mao by announcing de-Stalinisation. National security was the basis of much strain as neither country felt safe mainly due to the advancement of nuclear weapons. Both countries had many attempts in order to gain stability ahead of the other such as ...view middle of the document...

In 1958 Mao attempted his own revolution, however his new agricultural methods such as backyard furnaces failed and 14-30 million peasants died. Mao viewed some of Khrushchev’s decisions as flawed too, for example his policy of “peaceful coexistence” with the USA. Mao saw this as selling out to capitalism, and due to decisions like this he found himself superior to Khrushchev. Additionally to this, Khrushchev’s previous secret speech in 1956 further demonstrates how vastly different their ideologies were. In the speech Khrushchev criticised Stalin’s control and insulted Mao through this, he also criticised Mao for splitting the communist movement and therefore helping capitalists. Thus, in the context of the Sino-Soviet Split, ideological views were substantial in the breakdown of relations, as they were the most obvious and large difference in both leaders’ approaches, the communist party is said to believe that this is where the split began.
Additionally to the demonstration of ideological differences, Khrushchev’s Secret Speech also showed crucial dissimilarities in the Personalities of both Khrushchev and Mao. Mao took the Secret speech as a personal attack as through criticising Stalin, Khrushchev was criticising Mao and his policies. Albania in 1961 became a source of rifts through the changes in the USSR’s policies. Khrushchev criticised this country for her Stalinist regime and withdrew aid however this infuriated china who then provided aid instead attempting to get as much support for Mao’s idea of communism as possible. Due to this Khrushchev personally attacked Mao by calling him an “Asian Hitler” and a “living corpse” whereas Mao called him “a redundant old boot”. A further personal attack can be seen through Khrushchev’s visit to Beijing in 1958 in which Mao humiliated Khrushchev by meeting him in a swimming pool and giving him rubber arm bands, Mao did this as he was a stronger swimmer and could demonstrate his personal skill was better than that of Khrushchev. A war of words continued through to the Cuban missile Crisis 1962 where Mao criticised Khrushchev of being a coward for dealing with the capitalists. He was also furious about the USSR being so open about missiles and handling the situation badly along with the test ban treaty. A significant example of personal differences is the Besiege of the Soviet Embassy by the Red guards in 1967, humiliating China and demonstrating direct conflict, because of this direct action Mao began to compare Soviet leaders to the Tsar, Hitler and the KKK. Therefore, each leader’s personality links directly to their choice of actions and the breakdown of the Sino Soviet Split.
National security was the basis of many tensions between the Soviets and China. Through this each was set to keep safe through strategic actions. For example, in the Korean war 1950-3, the USSR encouraged the Chinese to fight but then made them pay $135 million for the aid that the USSR had given them, this made Mao...

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