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Dissociative Essay

528 words - 3 pages

Dissociative In 1994, Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) was changed to Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), because of changes in the understanding of the disorder, which resulted in an increased research of trauma-based dissociative disorders. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), is a major illness affecting 9-10% of the general population, it is very closely related to Dissociative Identity Disorder (MPD) and other Dissociative Disorders (DD). Dissociation is a mental process which produces a lack of connection in aperson¹s thoughts, feelings, memories, actions, or sense of identity. When a person is dissociating, certain information isn¹t associated with other information, for example, during a traumatic experience, a person might ...view middle of the document...

Dissociative disorders can develop when a person is faced with extremely traumatic situations that they can't escape, they might resort by "going away" in their head. This ability is typically used by children as an effective defense against physical and emotional pain. Through this dissociative process, feelings, memories, thoughts, and perceptions of the experiences can be separated off psychologically, allowing the person to function as if the trauma didn't happen. Dissociative disorders are also referred to as a highly creative survival technique, because it enables people to endure "hopeless" circumstances to preserve some areas of healthy functioning. However, a person that has been repeatedly physically and sexually assaulted, defensive dissociation becomes reinforced and conditioned. This can cause the person to automatically go in to defensive dissociation whenever they feel threatened or anxious, even if they aren't in an abusive situation. People with DID may have symptoms such as depression, mood swings, suicidal tendencies, sleep disorders, panic attacks, phobias, alcohol and drug abuse, compulsions and rituals, visual hallucinations, and eating disorders. They can also experience headaches, amnesia, time loss, trances, and "out of body experiences." Most of the people who get DID have histories of repetitive, overwhelming, and often life threatening trauma at a developmental stage of their life, normally before the age of nine. However other kinds of trauma such as natural disasters, war, and torture can also assist the development of DID at any age. Dissociative disorders are very responsive to individual psychotherapy. Medications, hypnotherapy, and adjunctive therapies are also very good remedies. The treatment can be somewhat painful, because it involves reclaiming dissociated traumatic experiences.

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