This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Disparities In Educational Attainment Essay

1901 words - 8 pages

Disparities in Educational Attainment

History is inherently dominated by men. Women, however, have played major roles in the world as well. Society had always accepted a lifestyle of the man bringing home the money and the woman cooking, cleaning and raising the children. This is not entirely true because women started their movement for equality when Africa was colonized by Europe. Women were more negatively affected than positively influenced during colonialism in Africa.

Women's status and power receded mainly due to the fact colonialism affected each part of their lives, consisting of, but not limited to, education, economic status and ancestry. Colonial ...view middle of the document... ).
Power relations and gender roles have been significantly changed in Africa since the end of colonial rule. Nigeria, Senegal, and Ghana have given three important positions and areas of past experience for gender history of West Africa. Books such as Women and Land in Africa and So Long a Letter, which is written by, (Schumaker, et. al. 2001), are historically significant to Africa for the reason that there is not a key unique sequence of actions that we can look at in order to understand the history of this continent. Many portrayals of African history are from the point of view of the colonial leaders (Levin, et. al. 2001), and are consequently extremely prejudiced and erroneous in the African facet of the continent's record.
A rising number of country farmers are now farming cash crops so better educations can be afforded to children and to buy man-made goods as opposed to paying taxes colonial overseers once forced on them (Sayman 2007). Women of western Africa were at one time exploited by colonial rule. Their stories are usually removed from books that speak of colonialism since colonial administrators viewed these women as second-rate to their male counterparts. The administrators also viewed them as less sophisticated than even the native African men that were also oppressed (Miller & Chamberlin 2000).

Even though some may not agree with how issues get raised, how the issues are handled by government, or what actions are taken by the groups who are in support or opposed to the issue, these issues needed to be heard and fixed and were.

Sayman, Donna M. (2007), The Elimination of Sexism and Stereotyping in Occupational Education, Journal of Men's Studies, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p19-30, 12p.
Levin, Sarah; Mayer-Davis, Elizabeth J.; Ainsworth, Barbara E.; Addy, Cheryl L.; Wheeler, Fran C; (2001). Racial/Ethnic Health Disparities in South Carolina and the Role of Rural Locality and Educational Attainment.. Southern Medical Journal, Vol. 94 Issue 7, p711, 8p.
Schumaker, Paul D.; Getter, Russell W. (2001). The Community Bases of Minority Educational Attainment. Journal of Education, , Vol. 159 Issue 4, p5, 18p.
White, Carmen M. Jul (2003). Historicizing educational disparity: colonial policy and Fijian educational attainment, History of Education, , Vol. 32 Issue 4, p345, and 21p.
Miller, J. & Chamberlin, M. (2000). Women are teachers, men are professors: A study of student perceptions. Teaching Sociology, 28(4), 283-298.
Gender-Sensitive Education Statistics and Indicators: A practical guide. 1997 UNESCO. World Bank Library:
Rosenstone, Steven J. Access to Higher Education. (2006), presentation to “Thursdays at Four” Institute for Advanced Study, University of Minnesota.
The National Community College Conversation: What Does It Mean To Be Educated in the 21st Century? 2005, event at Mesa Community College, to the National Science Foundation.


Other Papers Like Disparities in Educational Attainment

Altruism in Dental Students Essay

5963 words - 24 pages ) were also more altruistic than students whose mothers have a college education or more. There were no significant differences between age, marital status, and father’s educational attainment. Model 2 included variables constructed at the dental school level, and the community level, as well as at the student characteristics shown in Model 1. All of the student variables, regardless of whether or not they were significant in the first model

Paper Life

1479 words - 6 pages the globe. Earnings There is enough evidence that indicate the presence of disparities between the earnings of women and men. Men still earn higher salaries than men even those in the same occupation. The gender earning gap is big ranging between 8 % and 48 %. This gap is different is determined by factors like occupational discrimination, government policies, labor force attachment, and educational attainment. Educational Attainment The

Gender Disparity

811 words - 4 pages Women comprise more than half of the population in the United States and have overwhelmingly surpassed men in the attainment of Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees. In 2011, women only comprised 16.1 percent of board seats in Fortune 500 companies in the United States (Soares, 2011). This large gender disparity is hurting our boards immensely, as it is not showing enough of a large percentage of the population. In other countries the inclusion of


3726 words - 15 pages that the unemployment rates are less when the person has a degree. Also, the earnings rates are better according to high educational attainment (See Figure 2). Thus, the social development is not only for the minority groups but to entire of society by understanding racial and ethnic differences and also, decreasing social disparities. Diversity in higher education, which is the inclusion and integration of minorities and marginalized groups, is

Racism in the Criminal Justice System

4004 words - 17 pages numbers, African Americans were 7.7 times more likely, and Hispanics were 5.2 times more likely, than whites to be federally sentenced in relation to their population in the United States. Disparities among the type of offense a suspect is arrested for vary among races and ethnicities as well. Of those suspects arrested by the Drug Enforcement Administration in 2010, 49.1% were Hispanic, 23.2% were Black and 25.3% were White (Motivans, 2013

Crime and Society

2294 words - 10 pages examined how negative factors of criminal behavior can lead to higher incidences of crime, but the higher incidences of crime can be lessened if certain positive factors are introduced. In the model below, African Americans have crime rates which are increased by various positive mediators. Some of the positive mediators include: less educational attainment, fewer marriages, being from single parent families, lower social class, and living in bad

Gender Equality in Schools, Lusaka, Zambia

2275 words - 10 pages the labor force, in the household and in decision-making. Educating female’s lower mother and baby mortality rates generate higher educational attainment and achievement for next generations and improves economic conditions of nations (Schultz, 1993). In spite of this realization female education is a crisis in Africa and world in general. 1.2 Problem Statement Girl child education is the most important instrument for human resource development


3657 words - 15 pages measured by either salary or by advancement to a senior management position. An important observation made is that gender works with race and ethnicity to exacerbate disparities in both career attainment and satisfaction. As Powel and Graves (2003, 30-31) explain, ‘non-Hispanic white men are the most highly paid in the U.S. labor force. African-American men earn 70 percent of what non-Hispanic white men earn, African-American females 61 percent

Assess the View That Marxism Is Not Relevant Today

1075 words - 5 pages believed it was a capitalist device for dividing the working class further, giving them an alternative scapegoat to the ruling class. We now know today that differences between boys, girls, ethnic minorities and class are all contributing factors in the educational attainment gap and Marxist ideas on education are still valid because the working class still underachieve. Nonetheless, there is increased social mobility, with almost half the young

Diversity Conflicts in the Nicu

1929 words - 8 pages will need to provide health care employees with skills for conflict-management, self-awareness, ability to understand differences in cultures, ability to support differing points of view and the means to cope with preconceived thoughts through applicable training and development (Gordon, 2013). “When operational measures are connected with a culturally competent organization, the results will be a reduction in health disparities, increased

Labor Market Case

2289 words - 10 pages logarithm of the earnings in the past 12 months as a function of educational attainment, age, marital status, gender, and race. Our null hypothesis is that all the estimated betas of educational attainments will not be significantly different from 0 at least at the 5% level of significance. 1 Fact from National Center for Education Statistics ( Although we are interested in estimating the effects

Related Essays

Health Disparities Essay

1399 words - 6 pages 1 HEALTH DISPARITIES 2 The Health of Hispanic and Latinos Health disparities in the diverse American demography creates challenges in the overall health status of ethnic minorities. Tragic disadvantages on obtaining optimal health care can be linked to variables such as being from a specific socioeconomic status, race, geographic location, age, gender, mental health, genetic background, or having a disability. This injustice on how

Healthy People 2010 Essay

556 words - 3 pages a guide for developing objectives that will actually measure progress. There are 467 specific objectives grouped into 28 focus areas, each representing an important public health area. Data for the population-based objectives may be presented separately for select populations, such as racial, gender, educational attainment, or income groups. Each objective has a target for improvements to be achieved by the year 2010. A limited set of the

Pastoral Counselling Competencies Of The Convention Baptist Ministers’ Association Janiuay Badiangan Circuit Members

878 words - 4 pages personal life. The trained and skilled minister gradually becomes a counselor at heart. In this study, educational attainment and length of service serve as the independent variable, while; pastoral counseling competencies are the dependent variable. The diagram below shows the expected flow of relationship between variables. INDEPENDENT VARIABLE DEPENDENT VARIABLE Educational Attainment Length of Service Pastoral Counseling

Critical Review Of Theory Maternal Role Attainment

655 words - 3 pages Critical Review of Theory-Maternal Role Attainment Theory Review Mercer’s (1984) Maternal Role Attainment (MRA) theory was built upon Rubin’s (1967) earlier work on attainment of the maternal role. Maternal role attainment is defined as “a process in which the mother achieves competence in the role and integrates the mothering behaviors into her established role set, so that she is comfortable in her identity as a mother” (Mercer, 1984, p