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Discipline, Profession, And Growth Of Project Management In An Organisation

753 words - 4 pages

Projects have ‘being undertaken in a rudimentary form back beyond the Romans to early civilizations,’(Walker and Dart, 2011, p.4-16) from building the ‘Great Wall of China’, to ‘The Great Pyramid of Giza’ (Haughey, 2013) and notable architectural buildings that are still in existence today. Project management tools such as program evaluation review technique (PERT) and critical path method (CPM) came into effect between 1956 to 1958 (Azzopardi, 2015). It was not widely embraced until the 1960s in the USA when the project management theory gave birth to ‘modern project management’ (Azzopardi, 2015).
The concept project is defined as ‘a temporary endeavour undertaken to create a unique ...view middle of the document...

100) but does not qualify an individual as a fully functioning professionals. Eraut also states that ‘the initial period during which novice professionals develop their proficiency in the general professional role continues well beyond their initial qualification. Indeed, the first two or three years after qualifying are probably the most influential in developing the particular personalised pattern of practice that every professional acquires.’ (Eraut, 1994, p.11) Even though the role has been given professional status, without practical experience, certified project managers are deemed ‘Accidental Professional.’ (Meredith and Mantel, 2012, p.5)
The professional bodies can be credited for the growth and worldwide recognition of project management as a profession. Through the implementation of standards and guidelines that assist organisations to be transparent and accountable in their delivery by following basic principles. The global market according to Meredith and Mantel contributed to the positive increase for project managers with strong leadership skills to manage resources, stakeholders and control budgets effectively. The demand for leaders who can deliver complex goods and services has also opened the door to global competition.
The rapid growth of the project management discipline can be underpinned to the global demand for certified practitioners. In the competitive global...

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