What is discrimination? Discrimination occurs when you treat someone differently on the basis of some characteristic, such as race, gender, hair color, height, and so on. A major portion of discrimination usually happens against a minority class. Anybody who is not a non-handicapped, agnostic, born-in-America, white male, under the age of forty, fits into some minority group, or so called protected group. It is believed that seventy percent of us fall into one of the protected groups.
Discrimination in the work place has been around for many years. In the past, job discrimination was routinely ignored. It happened very often, but there were no laws or any type of legal action that a ...view middle of the document...
In order to curb some of these lawsuits, Microsoft hired an expert in job-equality issues. Her name, Claudette Whiting, was a former director of job equality initiatives for Dupont. Says Whiting “Microsoft understands that a culturally diverse work force is important to the company’s long-term success and will enable the company to participate and respond to the needs of a global marketplace”.
Discrimination can come in many different forms. They can include gender, disability, religion, and age. Let us look at each one with a little more detail.
Gender may be one of the most talked about forms of discrimination. There are arguments on both sides of the coin though.
When we talk about gender discrimination, we often hear about the female gender being discriminated against. We hear about the glass ceiling and how women’s wages don’t add up to those of their male counterparts. “The equal pay act of 1963” assured that women would not be discriminated against when it came to equal pay for the like job.
It is thought that a woman earns seventy cents for every dollar that a man earns, however, women acknowledge that women have been discriminated against as a whole. They’re less likely to admit that they have been discriminated against personally On the other side of the coin, it could be argued that some of the recent statistics in certain sections of the country have shown that those under the age of thirty, equal pay for equal work has arrived in the workplace.
For those who do complain about the disparity between them and their male counterparts, it could be argued that there may be some choices that the women make to contribute to their genders lower income These may include, The frequent choice to drop out for a few years to raise children. Mothering often changes a woman so that they do not rejoin the climbing-the-ladder job track; The Type-A (Workaholics) behavior often exhibited by the executives who rise to the top is not chosen as often by the women; Women have often chosen advanced degrees that result in lower-paid people-helper jobs such as therapists than higher-paid business executives with MBA’s.
Race is another often talked about form of discrimination. The equal right laws of the US. state, “All persons within the jurisdiction of the United States shall have the same right in every state and territory to….the full benefit of all laws for the security of persons and property as is enjoyed by white citizens”.
Federal laws, mainly, “Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964” and different state human right laws, prohibit race discrimination. The difference between the two is the federal law applies to employers that have a work force of at least fifteen employees, while state laws usually apply to smaller employers.
Disability discrimination is often a very broad topic. “A handicapped individual is a person that has a physical or mental impairment that limits one or more major life activities, has a record of such...