Digital Divide: Literature Review
A digital divide is the economic and social inequality in relation to access to and use of information technologies among populations and demographics. This paper is a literature review of peer reviewed and scholarly articles that seek t bring the issue into perspective. The paper discusses the apparent existence of the digital divide, as well as the methods and strategies implemented to curb the divide.
Schools and communities are utilizing technologies, but the gap of access and acquisition is brought in by factors such as low incomes. There is also the ...view middle of the document...
Almost all classrooms utilize technology in one way or another, although packing all lessons with too much technology makes it hard or near impossible for students who do not access in their homes to continue further investigations and study at home away from school.
This literature review is therefore focused on discussing how the digital divide is affecting the society and the classrooms especially. Peer-reviewed scholarly articles are the center of information gathering as they provide insights to this topic. As much as some literature shows that, the digital divide is almost gone, whereas others show that the digital divide is not merely educational, but generational. The articles also show how schools are tackling the issue of digital divide, as well as the measures being instituted in the community and how elusive ending the digital divide has proven to be.
The Problem of Digital Divide
Tabbi (2013) defines digital divide/ digital gap as the gap between demographics in relation to access to information and technologies. These technologies could be television, the internet, and computers. In America, the gap is apparent between the rich and the poor, especially since prices and paying for the services may be hard. This has led to a gap in populations and between majority and minority groups as well as between urban and rural areas. The government should play the role of narrowing this gap in schools and communities by enacting various programs. As much as it is impossible to close the gap, the divide can be narrowed. This will create an equitable and a competitive informed society (Ferro, 2010)
In van Dijk (2006), the author recognizes the fact that there are inequalities in the available research on the issue of the access to technology and the digital divide, noting that the inequalities have persisted long enough. These gaps in the society have always been caused by factors such as gaps in the social class because of money and wealth. This is especially where information is needed for mass consumption. In the article, the author notes that when technology is introduced, it is very expensive at first and only those with money can access it, which widens the gap of inequality. However, as he price drops, more people can access the technology, which narrows the gap subsequently.
Although the attention is on the gap on access to technology, an emerging gap is on literacy and ability to use the technology available. There is literacy divide, as well as the fact that factors such as age, social class, and money affect the flow of the digital divide (van Dijk, 2006). There has always been inequality in technology acquisition, which is affecting the society. In essence, the issue of digital divide is constantly changing, with a shift going from acquisition to using and literacy on how to use the technology available. This assertion can be seen in De Maria (2008), who like van Djik (2006), recognizes...