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Different Approaches To Personality Essay

1069 words - 5 pages

Different Approaches to Personality
Brian (Last Name)
211
June 21, 2012
Barbara Hausen

Different Approaches to Personality
I will discuss both the biological and humanistic approach. I will then talk about their similarities and differences. Before we delve into that I would first like to talk a bit more about Maslow. Before Abraham Maslow came up with a synthesized research about human motivation, researchers had basically focused separately on different factors such as achievement, biology, or power to try and explain what really directs, energizes and sustains our human behavior. Maslow later pointed a hierarchy of human needs that are based on two major groupings: growth needs ...view middle of the document...

Therapists who use the biological approach believe that personality is derived from your parents’ personalities. In other words, your personality is genetic. When you are born you will have a foundation for a certain personality. This is contrary to the blank slate position. This is the belief we are all born with no personality and we learn what our personality is from our parents. Biological approach therapists concede that biology is not the only factor in development of your personality but it does lay the foundation for it. It was theorized natural selection has determined our personality. The personalities without survival skills are not passed down to the next generation.
We are not born with full fledge personalities when we are born. Instead, we are born with a temperament. This is a predisposition towards a certain personality. This does not mean we keep the same personality all our lives. We are just more likely to use a certain temperament. You can understand people’s temperament by watching children playing. They will be inhibited or uninhibited. An inhibited child will seem withdrawn and appear to be watching the other children instead of participating. An uninhibited child will start the conversation and interact with the other children.
The humanistic approach explains we have control of our own personalities. We are responsible for our own actions. Therapists who use this approach believe the client knows their own self more than anyone else does. The client knows what problems they need to correct. This is demonstrated through the Q-sort test. The client is given several cards with personality descriptions. The client is then asked to sort by what they feel describes them. This is a tool a therapist can use to determine a clients personality.
Clients choose their personality through their actions. It can also be said we choose to be good or evil. Your choices determine your personality. It is said we do not have to do anything yet people believe there are things we “have” to do. Determining the things we consider we have to do are windows into our personality. What things we believe we have to do are items we consider important and add to our personality. Humanistic people believe in the here and now. ...

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