This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Did The Allies Win Or The Germans Lose On The Western Front In Autumn 1918

3388 words - 14 pages

Did the Allies win the war on the Western Front in the Autumn of 1918 – or did the Germans lose it?

On the eleventh of November 1918, “at 5:12,”[1] the head of the German armistice delegation, Mathias Erzberger agreed to sign the armistice agreement, which was due to go into effect almost six hours later, on the eleventh hour, of the eleventh day, of the eleventh month. Conversely at the point of Erzberger’s signature, the Germans had troops as far north as Finland and were virtual masters of eastern Europe, with troops as far east as Georgia and more significantly, with a army of millions still on the western front. Accordingly taking such aspects into consideration this essay ...view middle of the document...

However due to German expansionist policy and general unrest, their plans to move, “45 divisions to the western front between November 1917 and March 1918 were revised downward to 33 divisions.”[2] This in turn hampered the preparations and effectiveness of Ludendorff’s planned great offensives of spring 1918, alternatively known as Kaiserschlacht. The first of which, started on the 21st March, code-named ‘Michael’. Ludendorff’s attack was lead by his elite German storm-troopers, which had proven so successful in Russia and at Caporetto. The attack concentrated on Hubert Gough’s Fifth Army, which due to the lack of a defense in-depth, found its self unable to deal with the new German tactics and as soon as the line was breached, the whole army and the adjacent British Third army, through fear of being flanked, were forced into headlong retreat. Accordingly the first phase of Ludendorff’s spring offences had “moved the lines more than fifty miles in two weeks”[3] and due to the comparative sluggish stalemate that had preceded on the western front, this unprecedented rapid advance, shocked allied commanders, leading one British officer to say…

“…Oh my God! It will be another Sedan.”[4]

More over Ludendorff followed his initial gains with four more offensives. All five are shown on the map below, with the relatively massive German gains clearly depicted.

[pic][5]

However these gains came at a cost, despite inflicting heavy loses on the allies, the first two attacks alone had resulted in Germany suffering “257,176 casualties in April, on top of the 235,544 they had suffered in March.” [6] Consequently such a war of attrition could not be maintained by Germany for long and indeed Ludendorff’s reserves had dwindled to old and ever younger inexperienced conscripts. This was coupled by higher desertion rates and the irreplaceable lose of most of his experienced elite troops. Conversely on the other side of ‘no-mans land,’ the allies as aforementioned found themselves shocked by the ferocity and success of the German attacks. The urgency of the situation is neatly encapsulated in Field Marshall Haig’s ‘Backs to the Wall’ speech.

“There is no course open to use than to fight it out. Every position must be held to the last man: there must be no retirement. With our backs to the wall and believing in the justice of our cause we must fight on to the end.”[7]

However due to the troubled situation the allies found themselves in, after Ludendorff’s first offensive, the allies appointed the feisty and optimistic Marshal Foch, to become the, ‘Supreme Allied Commander’. Also the deployment to the front, of American troops had increased dramatically in response to the German offensive. In all Ludendorff’s spring offensive had achieved massive comparative gains, but in turn left the German forces over stretched for the forthcoming autumn. More consequential was the fact that it had failed to...

Other Papers Like Did the Allies Win or the Germans Lose on the Western Front in Autumn 1918

All Quiet On The Western Front

3452 words - 14 pages All Quiet on the Western Front, a novel set in World War I, centers around the changes wrought by the war on one young German soldier. During his time in the war, Remarque's protagonist, Paul Baumer, changes from a rather innocentRomantic to a hardened and somewhat caustic veteran. More importantly, during the course of this metamorphosis, Baumer disaffiliates himself from those societal icons--parents, elders, school, religion--that had been

All Quite On The Western Front

773 words - 4 pages - -In the movie 'All Quiet on the Western Front' we see the boys almost innocent asthey sit in class. The teacher in this scene is pressuring the boys to go to war. He preachesthat it is their 'duty' to fight. The teacher seems very pushy and strict. He is especiallystrict with Paul, the main character in the movie. In this particular scene, Paul is drawing apicture of a bird. In Paul's family they are glad that he is going to war. His family

All Quiet on the Western Front

1677 words - 7 pages experience, it is important to seek help for extreme anxiety. For severe anxiety, it is important to seek help in order to cope with the intense feelings. If severe anxiety is not handled correctly or promptly, the risk for suicide increases greatly. Medication has become increasingly popular in recent years. Recently, an experiment on child mediation has been shown to help children reduce their stress, anxiety, and the effects of Attention

Why Did The Germans Support The Nazis?

1630 words - 7 pages people extremely angry because they did not believe that the war was their fault. They felt that they were blamed for the war for no reason and they felt stabbed in the back by the government.Germany also had to pay millions in reparation payments and this made unemployment rates rise and hunger was on the increase. The Germans wanted a better country with better living conditions and the Nazis including other parties such as the Communists all

Poison Gas and Its Use in Breaking the Stalemate on the Western Front

1250 words - 5 pages The war on the Western Front was long and arduous, with both sides, the British and the Germans, having entered a stalemate in which they dug down into their trenches and literally waited for the enemy to attack, consequently waiting the war out and dragging it on for an unnecessarily long time. To break the stalemate, the notion of the development of biological warfare was developed – poison gas. It’s a common generalisation that it was the

The Problem of Language in "All Quiet on the Western Front"

3828 words - 16 pages For it is no easy undertaking, I say, to describe the bottom of the Universe; nor is it for tongues that only babble child’s play. (The Inferno, XXXII, 7-9.) Erich Maria Remarque’s All Quiet on the Western Front, a novel set in World War I, centers around the changes wrought by the war on one young German soldier. During his time in the war, Remarque’s protagonist, Paul Baumer, changes from a

All Quiet On The Western Front: War And Its Purpose

1094 words - 5 pages      "One is left with the horrible feeling now that war settles nothing. That to win a war is as disastrous as to lose one." - Agatha Christie      We as people never stop to think about war and its definition. Accroding to the dictionary, war is defined as a state of hostility, conlict, antagonism and death. All Quiet on the Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque tells the story

Life In The Trenches Of The Western Front

3506 words - 15 pages In a letter from second lieutenant Preston White to his parents he reminded them that the 27th of January was ‘Bill the II’s birthday’. The British artillery on White’s sector in the western front fired 21 rounds at the Germans trenches soon after sunrise in honour of the Kaiser. Time after time each side bombarded the enemy with shells neither side was winning or losing the war, they were only losing soldiers. So each

Why Did Obama Win the 2012 Election?

1374 words - 6 pages Why did Obama win the 2012 election? The 2012 US election saw Democrat Obama come up against Republican Romney. Obama was the favourite throughout and in the end won with 332 electoral votes, with Romney only gaining 206. There were several reasons as to why Obama won the election, such as the October surprise, a majority of Hispanic and Women votes for Democrat, and Romney as a man himself. However the main one can be considered Obama being an

The Reasons Why The Western Front Was Broken

732 words - 3 pages The Reasons why the Western Front was Broken There were many equally important reasons why the stalemate on the western front was finally broken: New technology like the tank The American entry into the war The blockading of German ports The German offensive in March 1918 Explain how far you agree with this statement The new technology and tactics helped to break stalemate. The machine gun and

Demolition Of A Soul: "All Quiet On The Western Front" By Erich Maria Remarque

1321 words - 6 pages Written by Erich Maria Remarque, "All Quiet on the Western Front" is considered to be one of the most genuine and true to life war novels ever created. However, the main reason this classic novel is a notch above the rest is the astonishing ability of Remarque to illustrate how the war destroyed a soldier to the point of emotional paralysis, and how it disintegrated the very soul of a man.Let the months and years come, they can take nothing from

Related Essays

Why Did Germany Lose The First World War In 1918? An Essay Answering The Question Of Why Germany Lost And Why They Lost When They Did

1616 words - 7 pages Why did Germany lose the First World War in 1918?The First World War was a huge event which ended abruptly; going from huge German advances after March 1918 to Germany asking for peace later that year: they were forced from a hard hitting offensive to defeat for various reasons:One of the key reasons for Germany's defeat is the internal problems suffered by Germany from late 1917. Morale in the ranks of the Germany army was diminished to a

All Quiet On The Western Front

556 words - 3 pages All Quiet on the Western Front 1. In the movie “All Quiet on the Western Front';, the German soldiers were sent into the battlefield thinking that they were going to win. The inexperienced boys were persuaded in to fighting and dying for the victory of their country. This brought on a profound sense of disillusionment with the values of Western Civilization.      In the German soldier’s view

All Quiet On The Western Front

648 words - 3 pages knows the true pain and suffering as a soldier to who experienced this horrifying war. Most novels related to war are about how heroic and brave all the soldiers are. Erich Maria Remarque’s “All Quiet on the Western Front,” is about war, and how terrible and brutal it really is. This novel sets out to portray war as it is actually experienced. Those who do not fight in war are unaware of how frightening it is. They may gloom and feel depression

All Quiet On The Western Front

3228 words - 13 pages The Problem of Language in "All Quiet on the Western Front" For it is no easy undertaking, I say, to describe the bottom of the Universe; nor is it for tongues that only babble child's play. (The Inferno, XXXII, 7-9.) Erich Maria Remarque's All Quiet on the Western Front, a novelset in World War I, centers around the changes wrought by the war on oneyoung