Diagnosis Of An Infected Patient Essay

1074 words - 5 pages

Diagnosis of an Infected Patient

Infection is the invasion and growth of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites that are not normally present within the body. A prokaryotic cell is a simple cell that does not have a nucleus. One of the most common types of prokaryotic cells is a bacterium. Bacteria are differentiated by many factors including shape, chemical composition, nutritional requirements, biochemical activities, and sources of energy (Tortora 76). A patient with an infection in the upper respiratory system will need to have a sputum sample sent to the lab for further evaluation to determine the cause in order to accurately treat the infection. While many ...view middle of the document...

Junctions between members of the chain are clearly visible. Spores are not always visible on Gram stain but when apparent they are located centrally, do not distort the bacillary shape, and are clear in appearance. Spores can be stained using specific dyes, such as malachite green, that are absorbed by spores in the presence of heat (Noonan).
Escherichia is a genus of aerobic gram-negative rod-shaped bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae that form acid and gas on many carbohydrates, such as dextrose and lactose, but not acetone, which include occasional pathogenic forms, including some strains of E. coli which are normally present in the human intestine as well as other forms which typically occur in soil and water (Webster). Escherichia coli is a gram-negative bacilli that rarely varies in shape and size and when stained often resemble safety pins because the ends of some bacilli stain more densely than does the middle; which is a characteristic called bipolar staining which is common in enteric gram-negative bacilli (ASM). Gram negative cells have a thin cell wall layer and will stain red to pink. The staining process is the same as Gram positive, requiring four steps: applying a primary stain, adding a mordant, then rapid decolorization and completing with a counter stain. Applying the alcohol for decolorization dissolves the outer membrane and leaves small holes in the thin peptidoglycan layer through which the crystal violet-iodine diffuse. The gram-negative bacteria is colorless after the decolorization; therefore adding safranin turns the cells pink or red (Tortora 87).
Differing from the bacteria previously discussed, Mycoplasma is the only prokaryote that does not have a cell wall. Mycoplasma belongs to the genus Mycoplasmataceae which contains microscopic pleomorphic gram-negative non-motile bacteria that are mostly parasitic (Webster). Mycoplasmas are the smallest known bacteria that can grow and reproduce outside living hosts. Since they do not have cell walls, they can pass through most bacterial filters. The plasma membrane has a lipid layer, known as sterol, to help protect it from lysis. The Acid-fast stain is used to identify bacteria from the Mycobacterium genus. Typical gram staining is not effective on this organism as they contain high concentrations of mycolic acid, which is a hydrophobic waxy lipid which prevents the uptake of most dyes. Acid-fast bacteria can be stained with carbolfuchsin which uses heat...

Other Papers Like Diagnosis Of An Infected Patient

An Investigation Into The Challenges Influencing The Implementation Of Electronic Medical Records Systems For Hivcare Patient Monitoring And Clinical Management. (A Case Study Of Mbagathi District...

550 words - 3 pages CONCEPT PAPER TOPIC: AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE CHALLENGES INFLUENCING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ELECTRONIC MEDICAL RECORDS SYSTEMS FOR HIVCARE PATIENT MONITORING AND CLINICAL MANAGEMENT. (A case study of Mbagathi District Hospital and Makadara Health Centre in Nairobi County) INTRODUCTION – BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY. The implementation of electronic medical records (EMR) systems is a complex process that is receiving more focus in developing

Epidemiology Hiv Essay

1662 words - 7 pages infection is contracted from ingestion of contaminated food or water, causing chronic diarrhea in the AIDS infected patient. (Environmental factor) Diagnosis for the HIV virus is performed by blood or saliva testing for the presence of antibodies to the virus. However, the human body requires three to six months to develop these antibodies, so these tests may prove inconclusive immediately following infection. However, new testing that confirms

Denge Fever

1245 words - 5 pages identify and determine the general health problems and needs of the patient with an admitting diagnosis of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, Type 1. This research also intends to help patient promote health and medical understanding of such condition through the application of the nursing skills SCOPE AND DELIMITATION  To raise the level of awareness of patient on health problems that she may encounter.  To facilitate patient in taking necessary

Chlamydia and Gonorrhea

1740 words - 7 pages occur. That is why it is always important to wear contraceptive protection during sexual intercourse. It is important for the nurse to gather a complete health history of the patient, including sexual history. Also assess the patient for clinical manifestations of Chlamydia. Signs and symptoms of Chlamydia are sometimes difficult to detect because three quarters of infected women are asymptomatic. When symptoms are evident, they usually do not

• Describe The Important Anatomical Differences Among These Three Genera And The Staining Protocols You Would Use To Identify Which Genus Is Causing The Patient’S Infection

341 words - 2 pages Essay: Diagnosis of an Infected Patient In this essay, you are asked to demonstrate your understanding of the different types of culturing and staining procedures discussed in Chapters 3 and 7. You will have TWO WEEKS to research and compose your essay. Consider the following scenario: You are given a sputum sample from a patient that may be infected with bacteria from one of the following genera: 1. Bacillus 2. Escherichia

Dual diagnosis

962 words - 4 pages Dual Diagnosis Dual-diagnosis patient is an individual who has a substance use disorder (SUDs) and some form of mental illness at the same time (Doweiko, 2015). Patients that have dual diagnosis are very common for individuals. Often times the patients treatments will be a difficult task to accomplish. The dual diagnosis model has four possible models for conditions. The four models, challenges, the role the addiction cycle plays, and

Community Health

1316 words - 6 pages utensils with an infected person. Treatment for people infected with the measles virus consists of bed rest, fluids and controlling the fever. While there is not a medication or specific medical treatment, the virus can be prevented with the MMR vaccine. The vaccine is given to children in two steps, the first dose at 12-15 months of age and the second at 4-6 years of age. Every person traveling internationally should have at least one dose of the

Microbiology

935 words - 4 pages Diagnosis of an Infected Patient: Microbiology Paper Bio 212 18 January 2015 Diagnosis of an Infected Patient After collecting a sputum sample from a patient that is suspected or may be infected with a bacterium from one of the following genera: Escherichia, Mycoplasma or Bacillus; Each bacteria listed should be isolated by utilizing each of the various staining techniques. The best staining techniques to use is the Gram stain or the

Research Paper

959 words - 4 pages the patient’s pain might be relieved. The patient with chronic pain will have to be treated long term. 3. Identify common concerns related to long-term use of opiod medications. The common concerns with opioid medications are: the risk of drug tolerance, drug abuse, respiratory depression, and accidents related to the use of opioids. 4. What are the top three nursing diagnosis priorities for a patient with an acute exacerbation of

Compare & Contrast Essay Cll & Hcv

1219 words - 5 pages leukemia’s. In the United States, Caucasians have the highest incidence, followed by African Americans and Hispanics. Individualizing treatment for each patient can be different. The selection of a specific treatment approach for an individual patient is based on patient characteristics and goals of treatment. Age and ethnicity has a big part with each individual treatment. Organ function, performance status, and medical fitness are other

STD's Herpes Simplex 1 and @

1030 words - 5 pages Herpes, An Essay The infectious disease called Herpes Simplex is caused by the transmittance of the HSV-1 virus via contact with a sufferer. Common names for the disease are: cold sores, fever blisters, oral/mouth herpes or Herpes Simplex labialis. In this essay I shall be looking at the symptoms, variant strands, diagnosis, treatment and the personal/social impact of the disease. Infection by the Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 (HSV-1) is

Related Essays

Diagnosis Of An Infected Patient Essay

872 words - 4 pages tracts of humans and animals which can cause infection and trigger immune reactions in their hosts.[Mycoplasma. (2015)] Mycoplasma cells stain poorly by the gram method, but are negative and weakly take the counterstain. Many times the special staining technique hoechst stain is used and they appear as tiny cocci, short rods, short spirals and hollow ring forms.[EducationalObjectives] Each time a person is infected with a species of each of

The Power Of An Infected Environment

653 words - 3 pages Romeo says “ this hate is more to do with love than hate”. This hatred is passed down from the older generation to the young generation of Romeo, Juliet, Tybalt and Benvolio. Whenever a young Capulet such as Tybalt sees a young Montague they are going to fight no matter what. However, in Romeo and Juliet’s case they are able to set aside their differences and their families history and love one another. An example of them being able to do

A Reflective Essay Based On An Episode Of Patient Care

1294 words - 6 pages A reflective essay based on an episode of patient care. rodrigo | December 3, 2012 Introduction This is a reflective essay based on an episode of care that I was directly involved in managing during a community placement. This episode of care will be analysed using up to date references, health care policies and relevant models. Issues and theories relating to leadership qualities and management styles will also be explored, taking into

An Optimistic Comparison Of British National Healthcare And The Patient Protection And Affordable Care Act

1072 words - 5 pages An optimistic comparison of British National Healthcare and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act During the past 5 years we have heard a great deal of rhetoric regarding socialism and healthcare as a result of the passing of the Affordable Care Act, particularly in how ACA compares to socialized medicine in England and the UK. The concerns of the people regarding socialism are important as our country is founded on capitalist