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Diabetes Essay

894 words - 4 pages

Diabetes Mellitus, or Diabetes for short, is the fastest growing long term disease affection millions of people worldwide. It is a serious life-long disease where glucose levels in the blood are higher than the average human caused when the body cannot produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that moderates the blood level. Diabetes affects the process of how the body uses blood sugar. Glucose is significant since it is “the main source of fuel”. There are several different reasons why diabetes develops. Most common causes are obesity, family history, age, or ethnicity. Diabetes occurs in several forms, but the major types of diabetes are Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes.

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Without insulin, glucose cannot go into the body’s cells. Glucose will expands that will cause the body’s cell function differently than its suppose to. It mostly occurs in adulthood. However, since the obesity rates have been rising among teens and young adults, they are also now being diagnosed with it. Many people with type 2 diabetes are not even aware that they have it. Before developing type II diabetes, a person can be diagnosis with prediabetes. Prediabetes is defined to be when a person’s blood glucose level is high but not at the target level for type II diabetes. Having high blood sugar levels can cause you to have blurry vision along with weight loss, fatigue, urinating more often, hunger and excess thirst. Type 2 diabetes is a slow process and sometimes symptoms such as those are not felt at all but for type 1 symptoms can be felt right away. Also type II diabetes is caused by genetics. If either one of the parents have type II diabetes, the possibility for the child is 1 in 7. After several years diabetes can cause more serious problems such as eye sensitivity, especially at night and can even lead to blindness. Painful sores around the skin and feet which can get worse to the point where amputation is needed. Nerve damage around the body which can lead to a tingling feeling and sometimes a loss of feel. It can also lead to digestion problems which can lead to having trouble using the bathroom and for men, nerve damage can make it more difficult to have an erection.

Gestational Diabetes occurs during pregnancy. Gestational Diabetes develops when a pregnant women has...

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