DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN SEXUALITY
July 10, 2013
DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN SEXUALITY
A young boy sits and watches children playing on the playground, trying to see which activity he wants to engage in. He sees a group of boys playing basketball on one side and down the way he sees a group of girls playing “double dutch” jump rope. Off to the side of them are some boys watching and talking to them, flirting. The young boy decides he wants play jump rope with them. The young man approaches the girls and they invite him to join them. The young man makes his first attempt to jump in the ropes. As soon as he is ready to jump in, he’s pushed from behind. The push is so forceful ...view middle of the document...
It will also explain how each factor contributes to the development of human sexuality.
Biological factors that relate to the development of biological sex are hormones, genes, and some would say, the brain. Males have an X and Y chromosomes; females have two X chromosomes. If there is no Y chromosome, then the baby will be a female. If there is a Y, the baby is a boy. Testosterone along with Mullerian Inhibiting Factor suppresses any other developments that would develop into internal female parts (Bancroft, J., 2002). The chromosomes help to determine the biological sex that the child will be. Research suggests, however, that in a few births per thousand some individuals will be born with a single sex chromosome (45X or 45Y) (sex monosomies) and some with three or more sex chromosomes (47XXX, 47XYY or 47XXY, etc.) (sex polysomies). In addition, some males are born 46XX due to the translocation of a tiny section of the sex determining region of the Y chromosome. Similarly some females are also born 46XY due to mutations in the Y chromosome. (Gender and Genetics, n.d.)
Gender, typically described in terms of masculinity and femininity, is a social construction that varies across different cultures and over time. (6) There are a number of cultures, for example, in which greater gender diversity exists and sex and gender are not always neatly divided along binary lines such as male and female or homosexual and heterosexual; such as The Berdache in North America, the fa’afafine (Samoan for “the way of a woman”) in the Pacific, and the kathoey in Thailand. (Gender and Genetics, n.d.) Biological sex can also relate to the gender of which a person is assigned even if that’s not the gender that they feel they are. This is a sexual orientation known as transgender. There is an example in the book of a baby that was born with penile agenesis. The baby was castrated at three-years-old and was raised to live as a girl, using hormone treatments to develop breast at age 14. In his late teens, he rejected attempts of sex reassignment and had surgery to reconstruct a penis. Regarding himself as a man, he later married. (King, 2012, p. 204) Decisions such as the example should be made by the child when they reach a certain age to determine what biological sex they would like to live their life as.
Gender Identity and Roles
In Bem's theory, strong sex role identification leads to the acquisition of attitudes and behaviors in line with that role. Within this theory, individuals of either gender can take on masculine or feminine roles. Moreover, some individuals display a combination of masculine and feminine roles, while others may not. (Barber, C., 2009) There are people whose gender identity doesn’t match their biological sex. They have normal anatomy, internally and externally, and feel as if they’re trapped in the body of the opposite sex. This is known as gender agoraphobia. (King, 2012, p. 204) Parents are important factors in their...