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Deskilling Essay

881 words - 4 pages

Deskilling

Braverman concept of deskilling has a clear-cut link with the Marx belief that workers are the object of exploitation to capitalist in labour process in many respects. Workers, into the larger extent were economically constrained because they have no alternatives to sell their labour power otherwise to capitalists. As capitalists seek into the most efficient way of the production process, labours who play a central role in production line are affected by the changes of process through the new technology or manager controls (i.e. bureaucratization). Braverman, through his prominent theory argued that the advent of technological development and division of labour has removed ...view middle of the document...

The classical example of deskilled workers was Henry Ford in his Ford automobile company introduced the mechanization of works by his prominent assembly line process. The manual workers were largely deskilled by doing specific and designated task in car making. This simply means that they were alienated from the conception of works since they were not involved in the designing and planning as well as merely doing a repetitive jobs in the production line. In addition, by breaking down the work into constituent part, the capitalists can reduce the labour costs. that capitalists want to use any means to acquired more surplus value over the labour by replacing the ‘living labours’ with ‘dead labours’ (i.e.machinery). However, Braverman argued that the mechanization and the used of machinery is not only to eradicate the craft man skills but also reducing the number of workers required. Despite the tayloristic industries will lead to bad working environment and control throughout the labour, many taylorists countered that greater efficiency results a higher output would lead to higher wages, shorter working hours and cheaper products. But, for Braverman workers were undoubtedly deskilled. In other word he argues the works were proletarianized. Although he believed that the used of machinery is somehow moving workers to the planning and supervisory positions and he believed that capitalists can actually exercise their control to workers by doing so.

Braverman thesis of deskilling has been a subject to criticisms. Marxist sociologist Richard Edward denied that scientific management is the predominant method of control in labour process. According to Edward, the technical control directed the labour process through the production line paced by machines. However, the method of control had been elaborated since the Second...

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