Describing A System Of Knowledge Essay

1507 words - 7 pages

Any idea which is not conceived using fundamentally sound principles is going to be filled with layers and sub-layers of inaccuracies, inconsistencies, and half-truths. As those same misleading, ideas are used to create others, the system of small logical flaws compounds, multiplies, and creates wide variances between the provable facts and clear fallacies. A foundational group of irrefutable truths must be created in order to facilitate the development of truly accurate, consistent, and fulfilling ideas in the world of knowledge. Without such a group, the only conceivable truths would be those that can always be disproven via conjecture or hypocritical skepticism. This concept of ...view middle of the document...

Essentially a belief must hold up to even the most stringent hyper skeptical situations that can be applied and still be considered a valid truth.
To better explain what belief can fall into the category of a skeptic proof idea, the method of how an idea can obtain that value should be explained. Descartes develops a method that he uses to form a foundation for his system of knowledge which is as follows: taking fundamental ideas and thinking that they must be thought of as false until it can be proven absolutely truth (Descartes 353). The method depends on the assumption that all human perceptions are bias and that the only way to fund an irrefutable idea is to apply rigorous criticism until it cannot be proven incorrect (Descartes 352). Simply, he is taking the role of a skeptic and employing all of their tactics in the pursuit of an idea in order to prove a basic set of beliefs that can be used to build the entirety of human knowledge on. The importance of this method is that is focuses on a few primary beliefs, such as the existence of self and of god, and uses them to expound on the role of knowledge as a whole.
Meditation One addresses methodic doubt which states that the argument is if one is dreaming or being deceived that the beliefs found as truths in that state are unreliable (Descartes 352). All the belief of the physical world is doubtful so one’s judgment is suspended. One should not accept a particular truth or belief as fact without support. This belief is true skepticism. One can interrupt any situation to be the belief/truth that is being sought. Objects under water are deceptive in size and shape and change dynamically based on the depth of the water and the angle of observation by any given source which can interpret images. Indeed the physical world and its relation to the eye can be perceived as deceit. The skeptic would view this as reason to always doubt the truth of the objects under water without physically examining it out of the water for the support to not be proven as false. However, a hypercritical analysis of this situation would still conclude that the object could not be proven real based purely on observation regardless of any variables that may or may not affect perception. These concerns are what the meditations are attempting to address and eliminate from the human understanding of knowledge.
A system of this nature actively rules out all things that rely on human perception and the fallible preconceived ideas. All memories, photographs, and oral knowledge must be removed due to their dependence on perception. Human senses must be distrusted because they are easily fooled by skeptical arguments such as the Dream Hypothesis that prove that the entirety of the human existence could be attributed to a simple hallucination or a dream of one man (Descartes 352). In this case the entirety of history, math, and other accounts that depend on human experiences are ruled out as possibilities for ideas that can...

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