PSY/270 Abnormal Psychology
May 30, 2014
Unipolar Depression and Bipolar Depression are the two types of mood disorders, which are considered genetic disorders and look very similar to each other, thus making it very confusing. Both of these disorders share similar symptoms, such as hopelessness, sadness, sleep problems, anxiety, and pessimism. However, there comes a point where they go in different directions. Medical professional has to be very careful in distinguishing which disorder the patient is suffering from because treatments for them vary. If a patient was inaccurately diagnosed that in can result in ...view middle of the document...
Till now, studies did not show any correlations between this disorder and races and ethnicities, but it has been noted that females suffer more from it than males. People develop Unipolar Disorder when there is a neurotransmitter imbalance in their brain. These neurotransmitters are our information messengers. They include serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine. If an individual has a family history of Unipolar Depression, that puts them in a higher risk of developing it. Some of the psychological factors that trigger depression include little social support and stress.
In order to diagnose Unipolar Depression a medical professional has to look for symptoms such as loss of interest in all previously enjoyed activities, very depressed mood, which lasts for the most part of the day, and pronounced irritability, which also lasts for the most part of the day in the last two weeks. Some of the other symptoms include hypersomnia or insomnia, increase or decrease in appetite, fatigue, feelings of restlessness and worthlessness, lack of concentration or decision making, and increased suicidal thoughts.
Treatment for this disorder mostly relies on medication such as antidepressants along with psychotherapy. However, some of the patients may require ECT (electroconvulsive therapy). What proves to be very effective is psychotherapy and CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy). These methods help patients to realize the problem and conquer the thoughts and factors which are contributing to their depression.
Bipolar Depression (Disorder) is known as manic depression or manic depressive disorder, which is a...