April 24, 2016
Depression has always been a major health issue going back for many years. Initially being called “melancholia” it appeared in the texts of the Mesopotamians in the second millennium. It was then thought of a demonic presence that required a priest to be in attendance. The understanding was that depression wasn’t considered a physical issue but a spiritual or mental illness. The Babylonian, Chinese and Egyptian civilizations also believed this. Their treatment for depression was to beat, restrain and starve the sufferer in hopes the demon would leave their body. On the other ...view middle of the document...
Other symptoms include lack of sleep or too much sleep and lack of energy. It can also affect a persons’ thought process and concentration. In major depressive disorder one may suffer from headaches and body aches. One may feel that life isn’t worth living and make attempts to commit suicide and many have succeeded in that attempt. Many however don’t even realize they have the illness and don’t understand why they are feeling the way they do. (Psychology Today, 1995-2016)
Symptoms in children include sadness or irritability. Some children may be clingy or have constant worries. They may not want to attend school or participate in fun activities. Older kids may feel or have negative attitudes. This normally causes one to not do well academically. Eventually a child may begin to feel disconnected from other kids and avoid social interaction. (Psychology Today, 1995-2016).
Neurotransmitters in the brain are chemical messengers that communicate with other parts of the body and the nervous system. Depression is associated with the neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine. Serotonin regulates sleep, aggression, eating, sexual behavior and moods, while dopamine regulates our sense of pleasure. It is believed that a drop in these chemicals causes one to have the symptoms of depression. Staats, Nemade, and Dombeck (2007)
A physical exam by the primary doctor or mental health physician is the start of how this disease is diagnosed. Next, will be some questions that he or she may ask about any past medical history of the patient. Most doctors order blood work to for thyroid issues or to make sure its functioning normally. The doctor will ask questions about the symptoms, thoughts, feelings and daily behavior patterns of those with this condition. This is called a psychological evaluation. (Psychology Today, 1995-2016).
The good news about depression is that the worst cases can be treated successfully to prevent recurrence. Once it’s diagnosed the mental health provider can treat with common methods of medication and psychotherapy. Psychotherapy methods can also prevent bouts of sadness and can be taken with other medications used for depression. Drug therapy can control anxiety feelings that sufferers may have. Physical exercising can also be used to combat this disorder. If one is being treated by a mental health disorder, he or she may advise that the patient needs to...