Depression Essay

2266 words - 10 pages

What does research indicate about clinical depression? What are the implications for treatment?

Shvawn Christensen

Psych 435

Athabasca University

What does research indicate about clinical depression and what are the implications for treatment? The purpose of this paper is to logically provide a review about the biological and situational aspects of depression and the various forms of treatment. I will define what depression is, evaluate who depression affects and why, then proceed with the description of the most widely used methods of treatment, behavioral therapy and prescribed medication.

I What is Depression?

When it is ...view middle of the document...

As many as 36% of patients with another medical disorder will suffer from a major depressive disorder] (Leon, et al., 2003) [ Consistently woman are found to suffer from depression at twice the rate of men.] (Antonuccio, Danton, & DeNelsky, 1995, p. 574) Although there is a lack of updated research to substantiate why woman experience depression more than men , one could speculate that woman are aware and sensitive to how they are viewed in society and what others think of them. Also often unfairly compensated for the same job as a man or not given an equal opportunity. And not to mention advertisements and images of how a woman should look and dress are everywhere] (Weiten & McCainn, 2007, p. 592) “Susan Nolen-Hoeksemal (2001) argues that women experience more depression than men because they are far more likely to be victims of sexual abuse and somewhat more likely to endure poverty, harassment and role constraints.” (Weiten & McCainn, 2007, p. 592)

III General Causes of Depression

Before we can effectively discuss treatment for depressions we must first determine and understand the cause. “Evidence suggests that heredity can create a predisposition to mood disorders. Environmental factors probably determine whether this predisposition is converted into an actual disorder.” (Weiten & McCainn, 2007, p. 593) A person with a family history of depression and growing up in this type of atmosphere may then lead to a predisposition of depression if the person does not recognize and deal with the problems effectively. Factors that contribute to the causes of depression are, “situational variability, individual differences, interactions of attitude, mood and behavior.” (Stravynski & O'Connor, 1995, p. 615) We may also look at the transmission of depressed effect based on a mothers interaction with her child. “investigators have been looking at the possibility that mothers who are depressed transfer their low moods to their infants through their interaction with them” (Jackson & Huang, 2000) Because there are many causes of depression and often times depression is not diagnosed alone. [Patients in other diagnostic categories, such as anxiety, alcoholism, schizophrenia and a variety of personality disorders may also be diagnosed with depression] (Stravynski & O'Connor, 1995, p. 609) The key is to understand and acknowledge possible underlying and situational causes. By doing so will help to determine an individual treatment plan best suited for the individuals treatment and recovery.

IV Biological roles in depression

there is an abundance of scientific research that over time that has lead scientists to believe that there are biological causes of depression. A few anatomical systems have been researched, hypothesized, discussed and brought attention to the biology of depression.

V The Seretonergic System

The Seretonergic “system is thought to control many aspects of mood.” (Rahola, 2001)...

Other Papers Like Depression

Depression Essay

545 words - 3 pages Depression is a medical condition leading to persistent feelings of worthlessness and hopelessness, where people have an inability to feel pleasure or take an interest in life. The condition may lead to sleep problems, agitation, and difficulty concentrating. Some depressed people are physically depressed as well -- constantly tired or lacking in appetite.Doctors use a set of guidelines and questions to help determine whether you have depression

Depression Essay

621 words - 3 pages Solicit from a health awareness pro assistance. Don't put off wanting assistance and finding out what causes depression; the longer you encounter depression, the longer it will take to battle the issue. Your specialist will first check to determine your indications are not brought about by a underlying restorative condition. Once different potential outcomes have been discounted, your specialist may point you to a mental health expert who will

Depression

1753 words - 8 pages Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench ©2012 RIGLD, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases CASE PRESENTATION Depression in patients with chronic hepatitis B: an experience on individual solution- focused therapy Jinous Arvand1, Abdollah Shafiabadi2, Mohammad Reza Falsafinejad3, Nosratollah Naderi4 1 Faculty of Human Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran 2 Faculty

Depression - 2045 words

2045 words - 9 pages Instructor: Jennifer Shultz July 09th, 2012 Running Head…… Depression 1. Introduction There are many individuals in the world that are depressed for many different reasons. For example, many individuals can become depressed as a way of

Depression - 559 words

559 words - 3 pages Depression is a common problem is the United States. It may be described as feeling sad, unhappy, miserable, or down in the dumps. Most of us feel this way at one time or another for short periods. True clinical depression is a mood disorder in which feelings of sadness, loss, anger, or frustration interfere with everyday life for a long period of time. There are several cultural factors that lead to such high rates of depression in the United

Depression - 1233 words

1233 words - 5 pages December 7, 2001 Depression For me, living with depression is not living. It simply exists from one day to the next except it is far from simple. It is difficult, very difficult. The difference between living with depression and living without it is like the difference between night and day. With depression I am paralyzed, held back by my own irrational fears, and tied down by extreme sorrow, dread, and sadness.Depression is a psychological

Atypical Depression

1275 words - 6 pages  $ Atypical depression $ Atypical depression, or depression with atypical features as it has been known in the DSM, is depression that shares many of the typical symptoms of the psychiatric syndromes major depression or dysthymia but is characterized by improved mood in response to positive events. In contrast, people with melancholic depression generally do not experience an improved mood in response to normally

Teenage depression

970 words - 4 pages Depression in Teenagers Abstract Mary N. Cook, MD, John Peterson, MD, and Christopher Sheldon, PhD, "Adolescent Depression': An update and guide to Clinical decision making, 2009" Psychiatry (Edgmont) 2009 September; 6(9): 17–31. The reported number of teenage deppression cases has risen since the 1980s, oppressing up to 20 percent of the global population. Teenage depression accounts for a large portion of the public health concern

Childhood Depression

1324 words - 6 pages Early Childhood Depression Depression is something that not only adults struggle with but young children often struggle with it as well. Children become disappointed, frustrated, and a lot of times filled with hopelessness and a sense of need. When this happens often, there could be a deeper meaning why they are feeling these emotions rather than going through a certain age. Depression can start in children as young as the age of 3 (Luby, 1

Postpartum Depression

1037 words - 5 pages Traci Thompson Postpartum Depression Postpartum Depression can be a moderate to severe form of depression that begins within three months following childbirth. (Coone and Mitterer, 2013, Ch.14 pg.493) This form of depression can have lasting effects on the family and child. A depressed mother can seriously retard her child’s rate of development (Cooper and Murray 2001). How does postpartum depression differ from “the baby blues

Adolescent Depression

2104 words - 9 pages TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Definition of adolescence and adolescent depression 2 2. Adolescent depressive symptoms 4 3. Problems with diagnosis of depression in adolescents 4 4. Gender factors that may play a role in assessing depression 6 5. Contextual factors that may play a role in assessing depression 8 6. Suicide 9 ‘Like anyone else, I have always had

Related Essays

Depression Essay 891 Words

891 words - 4 pages Depression Paper Gabrielle Piperno PSY 270 January 12, 2014 Stephanie Sencil-White Depression Paper Depression is defined as a low, sad state in which life seems dark with overwhelming challenges (Comer, 2012). Mania is considered the opposite of depression as it results in feeling of euphoria and frenzied energy; these two definitions combined are classified as bipolar disorder (Comer, 2012). Unipolar depression is when an individual

Depression Essay 810 Words

810 words - 4 pages Stress Management 10 December 2012 Depression Stressful events, situations, and trauma can trigger anger and anxiety which can lead to depression. Unresolved stress can affect an individual’s mental, physical, and spiritual being (Seward, 128). Depression does not discriminate; thus, individuals of any age, gender, race, or socio-economic class can suffer from the ill effects of depression. Depression is not simply something made up in an

Depression Essay 1855 Words

1855 words - 8 pages The Mental Illness Research on Depression Depression is one of the most common mental illness in today’s world, but has been around for ages. It was said that if you had depression, back in 2nd B.C. forward, that you were possessed by an evil spirit but has been proven that it is a chemical reaction in the brain. In the next few paragraphs I will explain what is depression, the myths and beliefs of what caused depression, what treatment

Depression Essay 1046 Words

1046 words - 5 pages Depression Teresa Collick HCA/250 April 24, 2016 Depression has always been a major health issue going back for many years. Initially being called “melancholia” it appeared in the texts of the Mesopotamians in the second millennium. It was then thought of a demonic presence that required a priest to be in attendance. The understanding was that depression wasn’t considered a