Depression Essay

2045 words - 9 pages

Tina B. Crews
Ashford University
PSY 350 Physiological Psychology

Instructor: Jennifer Shultz

July 09th, 2012

Running Head…… Depression ...view middle of the document...

It usually involves a low or irritable mood and/or a loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The causes of depression can be a
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Result from different reasons. Biological/Genetic- depression can be inherited from generations. When a family member has depression, spouses, siblings, or children are inevitably
Affected emotionally by the illness. Biochemical- causes for depression, occurring as a result of abnormalities in the levels of certain chemicals in the brain. Personality- People with certain personality traits are more likely to become depressed.
Seasonal depression- is depression that occurs only at a certain time of the year, usually winter, when the number of daylight hours is lower. It is sometimes called "winter blues." Although it is predictable, it can be very severe. Psychotic depression- refers to the situation when depression and hallucinations or delusions are experienced at the same time. This type of depression may be the result of depression that becomes so severe that it results in the sufferer losing touch with reality.
The depression that I am focusing more on is Bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder can become a very frightening situation for many individuals to go through. Individuals can go from being happy to extremely sad because of the serotonin levels in the brain. Bipolar disorder involves episodes of depression, usually severe, alternating with episodes of extreme elation and it involves cyclical periods of severe depression with periods of extremely elevated or irritable mood known as mania (Carlson, 2004).

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According to the article that I have read it states that,”Bipolar affective disorder affects approximately one percent of the population (approximately three million people) in the United States. It occurs in both males and females.” As a national average, it is calculated that about 1.2 percent of Americans are diagnosed with this disorder. According to the article that I read, it
Stated that Bipolar disorder is also called manic-depressive illness. When manic, individuals with bipolar disorder feel intensely elated, self-important, energetic, and irritable. When becoming depressed, individuals began to experience painful sadness, negative thinking.
Bipolar disorder is much less common than depression. Many individuals that suffer with Bipolar disorder are able to function normally between episodes. Bipolar Disorder is not easily recognized by family members and even the physicians. There are no tests that can be performed in order to diagnose Bipolar disorder. Individuals who suffer from Bipolar Disorder are often misdiagnosed.
Bipolar disorder can run in families and it can begin in late adolescence or early adulthood (Lindberg, 2008). According to...

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