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“Democracy And The Effect On The Economic Growth”

1927 words - 8 pages

Wilson AcevedoPSC 10400Prof. Vincent Boudreau"Democracy and the Effect on the Economic Growth"Democracy is defined as a "government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections." In other words, the most attractive feature of a democratic government is that if the majority of its people are not satisfy with the social, economic, and political situation of their nation, then they have the power to change the government. There have been many arguments to whether or not a democratic government is best type of governmental structure that any country could ...view middle of the document...

In addition, democracy will be measure through the standards of the Freedom House. The Freedom House is an organization dedicated to the measurement of how effectively each country is implementing their democratic policies. Economic growth will be measure through the use of GDP; yet, GDP per capital will also be use in order to acquire a more accurate reflection of the actual economic situation of each country.Data Description"Democracy" data setAs previously mentioned, the data that will be use is divided into two different segments. The first segment consists of democracy and how it will be measure. For this analysis, the Freedom House provides a most accurate procedure in scoring each country individually, based on the country's political structure, their rule of law, and inhabitants' welfare. The Freedom House data set contains the majority of all countries and it provides a score from 1973 to 2009. In addition to the status that classifies if a country is either "free, partial free, or not free," the data assigns each country two individual score based on their political rights and civil liberties. According to the Freedom House standards, a low score in each category means that the country is efficiently carrying out its duties as a democratic nation. Although the data is large and includes approximately 200 countries, there are some restrictions which will be applied. First of all, the analysis will only include 2 countries, which are China and the Dominican Republic. Finally, the time series will be reduce to ranges of 5 years from 1980 to 2009.Before the next data set segment is presented, it's essential that a complete description of the current situation of each nation utilized in this analysis is presented:China:Political Rights Score: 7Civil Liberties Score: 6Status: Not FreeThe Chinese government continued in 2009 to demonstrate high levels of insecurity and intolerance regarding citizens' political activism and demands for human rights protection. Aiming to suppress protests during politically sensitive anniversaries during the year, including the 60-year mark of the Communist Party's rise to power, the authorities resorted to lockdowns on major cities and new restrictions on the internet. The government also engaged in a renewed campaign against democracy activists, human rights lawyers, and religious or ethnic minorities, which included sentencing dozens to long prison terms following unfair trials. Repressive measures were intensified in the northwestern region of Xinjiang, especially after ethnic violence erupted there in July. Nevertheless, many citizens defied government hostility and asserted their rights to free expression and association.Dominican Republic:Political Rights Score: 2Civil Liberties Score: 2Status: FreeIn 2009, support for President Leonel Fernandez of the Dominican Liberation Party began to wane amidst a worsening economic climate, as well as several major scandals involving collusion between drug...

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