Dehydration Essay

1184 words - 5 pages

Dehydration
Keyva Strickland
February 18, 2012
Arnetra Gilliam

Dehydration can happen for various reasons. Dehydration happens when there is a loss of a significant amount of water in your body. To prevent dehydration, you should make sure you have a significant amount of water in your body. Feeling nausea, dizzy or light headed after or during exercise on a hot and summer day is a sign of dehydration. If someone feels they are dehydrated he or she needs to make sure they are drinking plenty of water, Gatorade, Pedialyte (for children), or popsicles. An important fact to remember is that over half of your body weight is water, so water consumption is very important to avoid ...view middle of the document...

When your body does not receive the required amount of water, the functions of the kidney’s become altered, and when it comes time to eliminate the body wastes and toxins from your body it may become difficult. The problem will not only be in the elimination, but also can lead to more serious problems, such as having no control of your body temperature. Your body can rise up to extremely warm temperatures or it can get to a point where you will not be able to raise the temperature from extremely cool temperatures. It can cause physical and mental laziness and can make you look drowsy or groggy and your mental functions can change, depending on the severity of dehydration. Your body’s muscle tones will appear poor and your skin could become dry, itchy and saggy. Your body’s digestive processes and metabolism will be affected and more important the fats stored in your body will not be metabolized properly. As a common effect, you may experience constipation and there may be an insufficient amount of urine expelled, no perspiration, no saliva and very bad toned muscles and skin.
The human body sustains electrical activities to function. Your body’s ability to conduct electricity is gained when the substances called electrolytes come to be ions in solution. The electrolytes balance is essential for normal functioning of your body cells and organs. Sodium, potassium, and chloride are the important body electrolytes. These functions are detailed and contrasted below.
Sodium ~ is one of the major positive ions in extracellular fluids or fluids outside the cells. Sodium plays an important role in the water distribution across the cell membranes. It can also cause an abnormal heartbeat, muscle twitching and hypoventilation if sodium deficiency is found in your body. Sodium helps in the regulation of the total amount of water in your body.
Potassium ~ is another major positive ion but placed differently from sodium; potassium is found intracellular or inside your cells, unlike potassium’s huge effect on sodium, the changes in the water balance have little effect on the potassium concentrations in your body. It enters and leaves the extracellular compartment through the intestines, kidney’s and the membranes of all other cells. Potassium can enter the cells easier than sodium and is necessary for maintaining the lowest optimal concentration and balance of sodium in your body. Just as sodium, potassium ions are also very critical in generating electrical signals therefore the proper level of potassium is essential for normal cell functioning. Potassium, along with...

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