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Dehydration Essay

1228 words - 5 pages

Dehydration

Now before we get started on this paper i am going to run some statistics by you about dehydration. How these are by no means fact, just some interesting things i found when researching this paper.
Elderly dehydration is one of the most common reasons for hospitalization among people over 65. In fact about one half of those hospitalized for dehydration die within one year.
About 37% of hospital episodes for fluid loss were for men: 63% were for women.
The average adult loses 10 cups of fluid a day through sweating, exhaling, urinating and bowel movements. Some more water is lost thru other means.
We are mostly water - about 70 of the human body is made of water.

Now ...view middle of the document...

All of this aside one of the largest functions of water in our systems is that water controls and regulates the bodies response during chemical reactions.

Water helps regulate your bodies internal temperature, making sure it is constantly 98.6 degrees. A key component of temperature regulation is the evaporation of sweat, water must be released from the glands in order for our bodies to maintain it's core temperature.

Another function water has that is vital to the body is its ability to break things down. Water breaks down minerals, amino acids and glucose this is due to a chemical reactions and because many substances dissolve in water. Water also helps your body maintain acidic levels.

Now what are some of the dangers if a person does not get enough water? The results can be life threatening if medical treatment is not received to help the person suffering from the effects of dehydration. If the body is does nor receive fluid, you body can go into shock. This occurs when your body is overwhelmed due to having to compensate for a loss of water causing your blood pressure to fall to unhealthy levels, your organs begin to malfunction or fail. Kidney failure can accrue as reaction your body can have enough water. And the most dangerous reaction of all of them is death. This is due to a lowered the brains lowered blood supply that causes confusion and will eventually cause you to go into a coma.

There are three different types of electrolytes that’s function is to help regulate the bodies blood pressure. They are chloride, potassium and sodium. Every persons movement requires a electrical current that is sent throughout the body and it is possible due to a charged ions, mainly these three. Sodium is a positive ion that functions to provide nerve transmission, muscle contraction, and fluid balance. If a person does not have enough sodium in their body, you may have symptoms, such as muscle cramps. Certain processed foods and table salt are examples of food that contain sodium in it. The second electrolyte, known as potassium is also a positive ion, its functions is to provide nerve transmission, muscle contraction, and fluid balance. If a person does not have enough potassium in their body, you may have symptoms such as fatigue. Vegetables and fresh fruits are an examples of food sources that has potassium in them. The third electrolyte, known as chloride, is a negative ion and functions to provide fluid balance. Not having enough of chloride wouldn't cause any major symptom...

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