Dehydration Essay

1111 words - 5 pages

de

Dehydration

Mary J House

Sci 241

University of Phoenix

August 12, 2012

Water. People really don’t think about water and the importance of it as much as they should.
Water is the one thing that we must give our bodies enough of or we will shrivel away into
nothingness and die. We can go for days on end without eating food and we will lose weight,
but we will survive. This is not the case with water, we must have it in order to stay alive, we
could not go many days with no water. Most people don’t realize that our bodies are actually
made up of 60% water. If we do not drink enough water we will dehydrate.
If we become dehydrated it means that we ...view middle of the document...

Dehydration occurs when
the body loses more water than we drink. Since there is water in blood and our blood is what
carries our nutrients and oxygen throughout our bodies when we do not drink enough water these
cells die and then our bodies stop working effectively. Without enough water we will not have
enough energy. This is why when you become dehydrated you will be very tired and sluggish.
Our bodies lose water when we sweat, when we have a fever, when we urinate or have a
bowel movement, and when we vomit. The water must be replaced or we will dehydrate. If
you get dehydrated your thought process may be impaired and you may not be able to make
rational decisions. Dehydration can also affect your motor skills and you may have a hard time
walking and talking.
We also have electrolytes in our bodies. Electrolytes are basically electrically charged ions
that when dissolved in water conduct an electrical current. We have three very important
electrolytes and they are sodium, potassium, and chloride. Chloride is what helps our bodies
to maintain their fluid balance. Sodium and potassium are both necessary for effective nerve
conduction. These two will both make us have muscle cramps and nerve spasms if our body
is lacking them. We must have enough water because water is what gives them their electrical
current. The difference between sodium and potassium is that sodium is concentrated outside
the cells while potassium is concentrated inside. Athletes and people who sweat a lot drink
sports drinks that are filled with electrolytes along with water.
Even when we drink enough water consuming too much caffeine or alcohol can take a toll
on our bodies hydration level. Both alcohol and caffeinated products cause us to urinate more
often. Since alcohol and caffeine are diuretics they should only be drank in small amounts or
avoided all together, especially if you are exercising or doing anything that causes you to sweat.
Or during summer months when it is hot and the risk of becoming dehydrated is even greater.
Becoming dehydrated in a lot of instances lands people flat on their backs and in the hospital.
If a person feels extremely hot or sweaty then they should...

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