Death Penalty Essay

912 words - 4 pages

PRO
Capital punishment which is also known as the death penalty has become an increasingly controversial issue over many decades. Capital punishment is the pre-meditated and planned taking of a human life by a government in response to a crime committed by that legally convicted person. Capital punishment should be legalized in all states, because it is morally just and it will deter crime. The many opponents of capital punishment who are against it feel that the death penalty is not a deterrent and that it is a thing of the past. It has no place in a civilized society today. One of the biggest arguments against capital punishment is people feel that it violates the eighth amendment which ...view middle of the document...

The point given to these people is that they are less likely to commit a crime knowing they will receive the ultimate punishment to kill. "No other punishment deters men so effectively from committing crimes as the punishment of death".
CONS
Today, one of the most debated issues in the criminal justice system is the issue of capital punishment. Capital punishment was legal until 1972, when the Supreme Court declared it unconstitutional in Furman vs Georgia stating that it violated the Eight and Fourteen Amendments citing cruel and unusual punishment. However, in 1976, the Supreme Court reversed itself with Gregg vs Georgia and reinstated the death penalty but not all states have the death penalty. Thirteen states do not have the death penalty: Alaska, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. Some criminologists claim they have statistics proving that when an execution is publicized, more murders occur in the day and weeks that follow. An example is in the Linberg kidnapping. A number of states adopted the death penalty for crimes like this, but figures showed kidnapping increased. Publicity may encourage crime instead of preventing it. Death is one penalty which makes error irreversible and the chance of error is inescapable when based on human judgement. On the contrary, sometimes defendants insist on execution. They feel it is an act of kindness to them. The argument here is – Is life imprisonment a crueler fate? Is there evidence supporting the usefulness of the death penalty securing the life of the citizens? Does the death penalty give increased protection against being murdered? This argument for...

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