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Death And Dying Essay

1583 words - 7 pages

PSY 116 – Psychology of Death and Dying – Lecture Notes

Part One – Learning About Death, Dying and Bereavement

Chapter 1 – Education About Death, Dying, and Bereavement

I. Key Terms and Phrases
1) Death education – teaching and learning about any aspect of dying, death, or bereavement; education involving death-related topics
2) Formal education – education conducted through programs of planned and organized instruction; for example, elementary and secondary education, college and university education, professional and postgraduate education, training and in-service programs for care providers, workshops and presentations for members of support groups and for the ...view middle of the document...

3) Curiosity about the subject and/or a desire to prepare for the future.

IV. Four Dimensions of Death Education
1) Cognitive – what people know (factual information about death-related experiences, and its understanding, interpretation, and organization)
2) Affective – how people feel (feelings, emotions, and attitudes)
3) Behavioral – how people behave (how and why people act as they do in death-related situations)
4) Valuational – what people value (how death education can help to identify, articulate, and affirm the basic values that govern human lives)

V. Six Goals for Death Education
1) Personal enrichment
2) Informing and guiding individuals in their personal transactions with society
3) Preparing for public roles as citizens and professionals
4) Supporting people in professional and vocational roles
5) Helping individuals communicate effectively about death-related matters
6) Showing how development across the human life course interacts with death- related issues

VI. Some Lessons About Life and Living That Can Be Learned from Studying Death, Dying, and Bereavement
1) Limitation and control
2) Individuality and community
3) Vulnerability and resilience
4) Quality in living and the search for meaning

Part Two – Death

Chapter 2 – Changing Encounters with Death

I. Key Terms and Phrases
1) Average life expectancy – the average length of life that can be expected for individuals of a specific age and often related to a specific society
2) Communicable diseases – diseases that can be transmitted or spread from person to person
3) Cure-oriented medicine – medical science and health care primarily designed to cure, reverse the course, or halt/slow the advance of disease or other life-threatening conditions
4) Death attitudes – dispositions, postures; settled tendencies to acting, representing one’s feelings or opinions about death; the other component, in addition to encounters and practices, of overall experiences with death
5) Death rates – the number of individuals in a particular group who die during a particular time period; usually expressed as some number of deaths per 1,000 or per 100,000 persons in the population; also called mortality rates
6) Degenerative diseases – diseases that typically result from long-term wearing out of body organs, typically associated with aging, life style, and environment
7) Dying trajectory – the duration or shape of a dying process
8) Encounters with death – ways in which one confronts or meets up with death; an aspect of experiences with death
9) Experiences with death – the sum of one’s overall death-related encounters, attitudes, and practices
10) Industrialization – the organization of labor, especially manufacturing, into industries; often involving mechanization versus hand labor
11) The living-dying...

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